Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Capra > Capra pyrenaica

Capra pyrenaica (Spanish ibex)

Synonyms: Capra pyrenaica cabrerae; Capra pyrenaica hispanica; Capra pyrenaica lusitanica; Capra pyrenaica nowaki; Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica; Capra pyrenaica victoriae

Wikipedia Abstract

The Iberian ibex, Spanish ibex, Spanish wild goat, or Iberian wild goat (Capra pyrenaica) is a species of ibex with four subspecies. Of these, two can still be found on the Iberian Peninsula, but the remaining two are now extinct. The Portuguese subspecies became extinct in 1892 and the Pyrenean subspecies became extinct in 2000. An ongoing project to clone to the Pyrenean subspecies resulted in one clone being born alive in January 2009. This is the first taxon to become "un-extinct", although the clone died a few minutes after birth due to physical defects in lungs.
View Wikipedia Record: Capra pyrenaica

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.45
EDGE Score: 1.7


Adult Weight [1]  126.77 lbs (57.50 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  5 months 15 days
Litter Size [1]  2


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Hoces del Cabriel 78702 Spain  
L'Alt Maestrat, Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana 238416 Spain  
Penyagolosa 131527 Spain  
Reserva de Grazalema Nature Park V 126034 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve 424147 Spain  
Reserva de Ordesa-Vinamala Biosphere Reserve 127002 Spain  
Sierra de Martés-Muela de Cortes 349412 Spain  
Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana 122559 Spain  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Yes

Prey / Diet

Juniperus oxycedrus (Prickly Juniper)[3]
Juniperus phoenicea (Phoenician Juniper)[3]
Phillyrea latifolia[3]
Pinus nigra (Black pine)[3]
Quercus ilex (Holly Oak)[3]
Salvia rosmarinus (rosemary)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aegithalos caudatus (Long-tailed Bushtit)1
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)4
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)1
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)1
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)1
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)1
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)1
Graellsia isabellae (Spanish Moon Moth)1
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)1
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)2
Sylvia melanocephala (Sardinian Warbler)1
Turdus iliacus (Redwing)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)3
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)1
Turdus pilaris (Fieldfare)1
Turdus torquatus (Ring Ouzel)1
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)1


Parasitized by 
Bunostomum trigonocephalum[4]
Cystocaulus ocreatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dictyocaulus filaria[4]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[4]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[4]
Marshallagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[4]
Muellerius capillaris (hair lungworm)[4]
Nematodirus abnormalis[4]
Nematodirus davtiani <Unverified Name>[4]
Nematodirus filicollis[4]
Nematodirus oiratianus <Unverified Name>[4]
Nematodirus spathiger[4]
Ostertagia circumcincta[4]
Ostertagia lyrata[4]
Ostertagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[4]
Ostertagia ostertagi[4]
Ostertagia trifurcata[4]
Protostrongylus rufescens[4]
Rhipicephalus bursa[5]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[5]
Teladorsagia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[4]
Teladorsagia davtiani <Unverified Name>[4]
Teladorsagia trifurcata <Unverified Name>[4]
Trichostrongylus axei[4]
Trichostrongylus capricola[4]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[4]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonahispanica
San Diego Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)hispanica

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Role of Various Woody Species in Spanish Mediterranean Forest and Scrubland as Food Resources for Spanish Ibex (Capra pyrenaica Schinz) and Red Deer (Cervus elaphus L.), T. Martínez, Agroforestry in Europe: Current Status and Future Prospects, pp. 233-253 (2009)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access