Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Hemitragus > Hemitragus jemlahicus

Hemitragus jemlahicus (Himalayan tahr)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) is a large ungulate native to the Himalayas in southern Tibet, northern India and Nepal. It is listed as Near Threatened by IUCN, as the population is declining due to hunting and habitat loss.Results of a phylogenetic analysis indicate that the Himalayan tahr is associated with wild goats, and the genus Hemitragus monospecific.The Himalayan tahr has been introduced to New Zealand and South Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Hemitragus jemlahicus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.16
EDGE Score: 2.51


Adult Weight [1]  77.60 lbs (35.20 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  4.41 lbs (2.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  6 months 3 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Weaning [1]  5 months 1 day


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Nanda Devi National Park II 161583 Uttaranchal, India  
Quomolangma Nature Preserve 8401583 China      
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Zhumulangmafeng Nature Reserve 8379398 China      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan Yes


Uncia uncia (Snow leopard)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Brisbane's Alma Park Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Helsinki Zoo
Highland Wildlife Park
Himalayan Nature Park
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Kishinev Zoopark
Nordens Arkjemlahicus
Olmense Zoo
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zool. Park
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sadjemlahicus
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Tama Zoological Park
Taronga Zoo
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Toronto Zoo
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Melaka
Zoo of Antwerpjemlahicus
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosice
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec

Range Map

Africa; Australia; Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Uncia uncia, Helmet Hemmer, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 20, pp. 1-5 (1972)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access