Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Ovis > Ovis ammon
 

Ovis ammon (argali)

Wikipedia Abstract

The argali, or the mountain sheep (species Ovis ammon) is a wild sheep that roams the highlands of Central Asia (Himalaya, Tibet, Altay).
View Wikipedia Record: Ovis ammon

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Ovis ammon (wild sheep) are widespread from the Mediterranean to Central Asia and Siberia and several sub-species are known. Ovis ammon prefer living in the mountains and high plateaus. Its diet is particularly diverse; consisting of herbs, leaves, buds and the young shoots of trees and shrubs. Sub-species have been introduced to mainland France but also to the Kerguelen Islands (Ovis ammon ssp musimon Pall.) where they have had a significant impact on native vegetation.
View ISSG Record: Ovis ammon

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.31
EDGE Score: 2.54

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  352.74 lbs (160.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  7.50 lbs (3.40 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 1 month
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 3 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  5 months 20 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years
Weaning [1]  4 months 15 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Afghan Mountains semi-desert Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aksu-Dzhabagly Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 183489 Kazakhstan  
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Bogdhad Mountain Biosphere Reserve 318000 China  
Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve 141740 Uzbekistan  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kugitang Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 77308 Turkmenistan  
La Palma Biosphere Reserve 199419 Canary Islands, Spain    
Lake Orumieh National Park 1113473 Iran  
Las Sierras de Cazorla y Segura Biosphere Reserve 469500 Spain  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pamir-i-Buzurg Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 199583 Afghanistan  
Qiangtang Nature Reserve 73637404 China      
Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve 37634150 Qinghai, China      
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Triglav National Park II   Slovenia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Predators

Canis lupus (Wolf)[3]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)[3]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[4]
Uncia uncia (Snow leopard)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aonchotheca bovis <Unverified Name>[5]
Ashworthius sidemi <Unverified Name>[5]
Bunostomum phlebotomum[5]
Bunostomum trigonocephalum[5]
Calicophoron bothriophoron <Unverified Name>[5]
Calicophoron calicophorum[5]
Calicophoron daubneyi <Unverified Name>[5]
Calicophoron microbothrioides <Unverified Name>[5]
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[5]
Calicophoron papillosum <Unverified Name>[5]
Calicophoron phillerouxi <Unverified Name>[5]
Calicophoron raja <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillaria bovis[5]
Carmyerius exoporus <Unverified Name>[5]
Carmyerius graberi <Unverified Name>[5]
Carmyerius parvipapillatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Carmyerius spatiosus <Unverified Name>[5]
Chabertia ovina <Unverified Name>[5]
Coenurus cerebralis[5]
Cooperia bisonis <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia curticei <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia oncophora <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia pectinata[5]
Cotylophoron cotylophorum <Unverified Name>[5]
Dicrocoelium dendriticum (Lancet liver fluke)[5]
Dicrocoelium lanceolatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Dicrocoelium suppereri <Unverified Name>[5]
Dictyocaulus filaria[5]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[5]
Dorcadia ioffi[6]
Echinococcus granulosus[5]
Explanatum explanatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[5]
Fascioloides magna (giant liver fluke)[5]
Fischoederius cobboldi <Unverified Name>[5]
Gastrothylax compressus <Unverified Name>[5]
Gastrothylax crumenifer <Unverified Name>[5]
Gongylonema pulchrum[5]
Grosspiculagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[5]
Homalogaster paloniae <Unverified Name>[5]
Ixodes ricinus (Deer tick)[7]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[5]
Moniezia benedeni <Unverified Name>[5]
Moniezia expansa (sheep tapeworm)[5]
Muellerius capillaris (hair lungworm)[5]
Multiceps multiceps[5]
Nematodirus archari <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematodirus dogieli <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematodirus filicollis[5]
Nematodirus oiratianus <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematodirus spathiger[5]
Neostrongylus linearis <Unverified Name>[5]
Oesophagostomum columbianum[5]
Oesophagostomum venulosum[5]
Oestrus ovis (sheep bot fly)[7]
Olveria indica <Unverified Name>[5]
Orthocoelium dawesi <Unverified Name>[5]
Orthocoelium dicranocoelium <Unverified Name>[5]
Orthocoelium orthocoelium <Unverified Name>[5]
Orthocoelium parvipapillatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Orthocoelium scoliocoelium <Unverified Name>[5]
Orthocoelium streptocoelium <Unverified Name>[5]
Ostertagia circumcincta[5]
Ostertagia leptospicularis[5]
Ostertagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[5]
Ostertagia ostertagi[5]
Ostertagia trifurcata[5]
Palamphistomum dutti <Unverified Name>[5]
Palamphistomum lobatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramphistomum cervi[5]
Paramphistomum daubneyi <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramphistomum epiclitum <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramphistomum gotoi <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramphistomum hiberniae <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramphistomum ichikawai <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramphistomum leydeni <Unverified Name>[5]
Protostrongylus davtiani <Unverified Name>[5]
Protostrongylus raillieti <Unverified Name>[5]
Protostrongylus rufescens[5]
Setaria labiatopapillosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Skrjabinagia kolchida <Unverified Name>[5]
Skrjabinema ovis[5]
Spiculocaulus leuckarti <Unverified Name>[5]
Spiculopteragia spiculoptera[5]
Strongyloides papillosus[5]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[5]
Teladorsagia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[5]
Teladorsagia trifurcata <Unverified Name>[5]
Thysaniezia giardi <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichocephalus globulosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichocephalus ovis <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichocephalus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus axei[5]
Trichostrongylus capricola[5]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[5]
Trichostrongylus ostertagiaformis <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[5]
Trichuris ovis[5]
Vermipsylla alakurt[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstancollium
Moscow Zoological Parkpolii
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Ovis ammon, Alexander K. Fedosenko and David A. Blank, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 773, pp. 1–15 (2005) 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 6International Flea Database 7Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access