Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Rupicapra > Rupicapra rupicapra
 

Rupicapra rupicapra (chamois)

Wikipedia Abstract

The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a goat-antelope species native to mountains in Europe, including the Carpathian Mountains of Romania, the Pyrenees, the European Alps, the Tatra Mountains, the Balkans, parts of Turkey, the Caucasus, and the Apennines. The chamois has also been introduced to the South Island of New Zealand. Some subspecies of chamois are strictly protected in the EU under the European Habitats Directive.
View Wikipedia Record: Rupicapra rupicapra

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
24
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.12
EDGE Score: 2.31

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  82.67 lbs (37.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  5.29 lbs (2.40 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 10 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 10 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  4 months 2 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  18 years
Weaning [1]  76 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Adamello Presanella 69894 Italy  
Alpe di Cavallaccio nel Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio 8691 Italy  
Alpe di Storo e Bondone 1876 Italy  
Alpi Carniche 48186 Italy  
Alpi Giulie 44561 Italy  
Alpi Marittime 83205 Italy  
Alpi Veglia e Devero - Monte Giove 37357 Italy  
Alta Val Strona e Val Segnara 9934 Italy  
Alta Valsesia e Valli Otro, Vogna, Gronda, Artogna e Sorba 46789 Italy  
Alte Valli Anzasca, Antrona e Bognanco 53311 Italy  
Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro 27869 Italy  
Alte Valli Stura e Maira 103806 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Altopiano dei Sette Comuni 37036 Italy  
Ambienti glaciali del Gruppo del Monte Rosa 21362 Italy  
Arthur's Pass National Park II 257008 South Island, New Zealand
Bagni di Masino - Pizzo Badile - Val di Mello - Val Torrone - Piano di Preda Rossa 23828 Italy  
Belviso Barbellino 4804 Italy  
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Bocca d'Ardole - Corno della Paura 440 Italy  
Bocca di Caset 124 Italy  
Brenta 73487 Italy  
Crinale Pichea - Rocchetta 2493 Italy  
Disgrazia - Sissone 7438 Italy  
Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico 173952 Italy  
Dolomiti di Ampezzo 28076 Italy  
Dolomiti Feltrine e Bellunesi 77549 Italy  
Dolomiti Friulane 90787 Italy  
Golestan National Park II 216487 Iran  
Grigne 17695 Italy  
Gruppo del Monviso e Bosco dell'Alevè 17871 Italy  
Gurgler Kamm Biosphere Reserve 3707 Austria  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Lacines - Catena del Monteneve nel Parco Naturale Gruppo di Tessa 20003 Italy  
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Mont Avic e Mont Emilius 77947 Italy  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Monte Baldo Ovest 16087 Italy  
Monte di Scerscen - Ghiacciai di Scerscen - Monte Motta 23885 Italy  
Monte Rosa 21095 Italy  
Monti Lessini - Pasubio - Piccole Dolomiti Vicentine 34278 Italy  
Monti Lessini Nord 1957 Italy  
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
Orsiera Rocciavré 27095 Italy  
Ortles - Monte Madaccio nel Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio 10349 Italy  
Parc National Steneto Strict Nature Reserve Ib 8900 Bulgaria  
Parc National Suisse National Park Ia   Switzerland
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Parco Naturale Dolomiti di Sesto 29386 Italy  
Parco Naturale Fanes - Senes - Braies 62896 Italy  
Parco Naturale Vedrette di Ries - Aurina 77376 Italy  
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso 175751 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pasubio 4537 Italy  
Piccole Dolomiti 3037 Italy  
Pietrosul Mare Nature Reserve Scientific Reserve Ia   Romania  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Reserva de Ordesa-Vinamala Biosphere Reserve 127002 Spain  
Reserve Doupki-Djindjiritza Strict Nature Reserve Ib 7273 Bulgaria  
Reserve Koupena Strict Nature Reserve Ib 2728 Bulgaria  
Reserve Parangalitza Strict Nature Reserve Ib 3683 Bulgaria  
Retezat National Park II 94183 Romania
Stelvio 39831 Italy  
Tatra Mountains Biosphere Reserve 44247 Poland  
Triglav National Park II   Slovenia
Ultimo - Solda nel Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio 69162 Italy  
Val di Fosse nel Parco Naturale Gruppo di Tessa 24926 Italy  
Val di Togno - Pizzo Scalino 7784 Italy  
Val Ferret 22437 Italy  
Val Formazza 54914 Italy  
Val Grande 29294 Italy  
Val Mastallone 4651 Italy  
Val Noana 1804 Italy  
Val Troncea 25032 Italy  
Valle dei Ratti - Cime di Gaiazzo 3368 Italy  
Valle di Funes - Sas De Putia - Rasciesa nel Parco Naturale Puez-Odle 12993 Italy  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Aristotelia serrata (wineberry)[3]
Asplenium daucifolium (Mauritius spleenwort)[3]
Asplenium flaccidum (Hanging spleenwort)[3]
Austroblechnum lanceolatum[3]
Carpodetus serratus (Marble leaf tree)[3]
Coriaria arborea[3]
Gaultheria crassa[3]
Gaultheria depressa (mountain snow berry)[3]
Gaultheria rupestris[3]
Griselinia littoralis (New Zealand broadleaf)[3]
Melicytus ramiflorus subsp. ramiflorus[3]
Myrsine australis (Red Matipo)[3]
Nertera ciliata[3]
Parablechnum procerum[3]
Phymatosorus pustulatus subsp. pustulatus (Kangaroo fern)[3]
Prumnopitys ferruginea (Miro)[3]
Pseudopanax crassifolius (lancewood)[3]
Raukaua simplex[3]
Schefflera digitata (Schefflera)[3]
Weinmannia racemosa[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthisitta chloris (Rifleman)1
Anthornis melanura (New Zealand Bellbird)4
Cyanoramphus auriceps (Yellow-crowned Parakeet)2
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)2
Gerygone igata (Grey Gerygone)3
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)2
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (New Zealand Pigeon)1
Mohoua ochrocephala (Yellowhead)1
Nestor meridionalis (New Zealand Kaka)4
Nestor notabilis (Kea)2
Petroica macrocephala (Tomtit)1
Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae (Tui)3
Trichosurus vulpecula (Common Brushtail)3
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)4
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)2
Zosterops lateralis (Silvereye)7

Predators

Canis lupus (Wolf)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anaplasma phagocytophilum[5]
Aonchotheca bovis <Unverified Name>[6]
Apteragia quadrispiculata[6]
Avitellina centripunctata[6]
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)[5]
Brucella melitensis (Brucella / Brucellosis)[5]
Bunostomum trigonocephalum[6]
Capillaria bovis[6]
Chabertia ovina <Unverified Name>[6]
Cooperia punctata[6]
Coxiella burnetii[5]
Cysticercus tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[6]
Cystocaulus ocreatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Dermatophilus congolensis[5]
Dicrocoelium dendriticum (Lancet liver fluke)[6]
Dicrocoelium lanceolatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Dictyocaulus filaria[6]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[6]
Echinococcus granulosus[6]
Escherichia coli (E. coli)[5]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[6]
Grosspiculagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[6]
Linognathus stenopsis (Goat sucking body louse)[4]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[6]
Marshallagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Moniezia benedeni <Unverified Name>[6]
Moniezia denticulata <Unverified Name>[6]
Moniezia expansa (sheep tapeworm)[6]
Moniezia rupicaprae <Unverified Name>[6]
Muellerius capillaris (hair lungworm)[6]
Muellerius tenuispiculatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Multiceps multiceps[6]
Mycobacterium avium (Mycobacterium avium)[5]
Mycoplasma conjunctivae[5]
Nematodirus abnormalis[6]
Nematodirus battus[6]
Nematodirus davtiani <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus filicollis[6]
Nematodirus helvetianus[6]
Nematodirus hugonnetae <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus ibicis <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus oiratianus <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus rupicaprae <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus spathiger[6]
Neostrongylus linearis <Unverified Name>[6]
Oesophagostomum radiatum[6]
Oesophagostomum venulosum[6]
Ostertagia circumcincta[6]
Ostertagia kolchida[6]
Ostertagia lasensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia leptospicularis[6]
Ostertagia lyrata[6]
Ostertagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia ostertagi[6]
Ostertagia trifurcata[6]
Protostrongylus brevispiculatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Protostrongylus hobmaieri <Unverified Name>[6]
Protostrongylus raillieti <Unverified Name>[6]
Protostrongylus rufescens[6]
Protostrongylus rupicaprae <Unverified Name>[6]
Rinadia mathevossiani <Unverified Name>[6]
Salmonella enterica[5]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[5]
Skrjabinagia kolchida <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinagia lyrata <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinagia lyrataeformis <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinema ovis[6]
Skrjabinema parva <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinema rupicaprae <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiculocaulus austriacus <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiculopteragia spiculoptera[6]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia davtiani <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia pinnata <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia trifurcata <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichocephalus globulosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichocephalus ovis <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus axei[6]
Trichostrongylus capricola[6]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[6]
Trichostrongylus longispiculatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[6]
Trichuris cervicaprae <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichuris discolor[6]
Trichuris globulosa[6]
Trichuris ovis[6]
Trichuris rupicaprae <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichuris skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Varestrongylus capreoli <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirolrupicapra
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburgrupicapra
Nordens Arkrupicapra
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunnrupicapra
Tama Zoological Park
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
 rupicapra
Tierpark Dählhölzlirupicapra
Toronto Zoo
Zivalski vrt Ljubljanarupicapra
Zoological Garden of Polish Faunarupicapra
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosicerupicapra
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Distribution and diet of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) in Westland forests, South Island, New Zealand, Ivor J. Yockney and Graham J. Hickling, New Zealand Journal of Ecology (2000) 24(1): 31-38 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access