Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Philantomba > Philantomba monticola

Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)

Synonyms: Cephalophus monticola

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue duiker (Philantomba monticola) is a small antelope found in western, southern and eastern Africa. It is the smallest duiker. The species was first described by Swedish naturalist Carl Peter Thunberg in 1789. 12 subspecies are identified. The blue duiker reaches 32–41 centimetres (13–16 in) at the shoulder and weighs 3.5–9 kilograms (7.7–19.8 lb). Sexually dimorphic, the females are slightly larger than the males. The dark tail measures slightly above 10 centimetres (3.9 in). It has short, spiky horns, around 5 centimetres (2.0 in) long and hidden in hair tufts. The subspecies show a great degree of variation in their colouration. The blue duiker bears a significant resemblance to Maxwell's duiker.
View Wikipedia Record: Philantomba monticola



Adult Weight [1]  13.78 lbs (6.25 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.76 lbs (800 g)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 4 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 10 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  70 %
Diet - Plants [2]  20 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  6 months 13 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Reserve Naturelle Integrale d'Ipassa-Makokou Biosphere Reserve 37066 Gabon  
Salonga National Park II 8300948 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  

Prey / Diet

Anonidium mannii[3]
Coelocaryon preussii[3]
Dialium dinklagei[3]
Diogoa zenkeri[3]
Duboscia macrocarpa[3]
Ficus craterostoma (Strangler fig)[4]
Ficus natalensis (Natal Fig)[4]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[4]
Mammea africana (African mammyapple)[3]
Pachylobus buettneri[3]
Piptadeniastrum africanum (Agboin)[3]
Plagiostyles africana[3]
Pycnanthus angolensis[3]
Pygeum africanum (Red Stinkwood)[3]
Scorodophloeus zenkeri (Divida)[3]
Staudtia kamerunensis var. gabonensis[3]
Treculia africana (African breadfruit)[3]
Trichoscypha acuminata[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)3
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)2
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)1
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)1
Columba arquatrix (African Olive Pigeon)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey)1
Eurillas curvirostris (Plain Greenbul)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)2
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)2
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)3
Phylloscopus budongoensis (Uganda Woodland Warbler)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Ploceus nigricollis (Black-necked Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)2
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)2
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)2
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)1
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)2
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1


Parasitized by 
Cooperia chabaudi <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia rotundispiculum <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinococcus granulosus[5]
Haemonchus lawrencei <Unverified Name>[5]
Linognathus breviceps[3]
Oesophagostomum roscoei <Unverified Name>[5]
Stilesia hepatica <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus angistris <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus anomalus <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus axei[5]
Trichostrongylus falculatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus rugatus <Unverified Name>[5]


Africa; Takamanda Forest Reserve;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access