Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Cephalophus > Cephalophus natalensis
 

Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)

Wikipedia Abstract

The red forest duiker, Natal duiker, or Natal red duiker (Cephalophus natalensis) is a small antelope found in central to southern Africa. It is one of 22 extant species form the subfamily Cephalophinae. While the red forest duiker is very similar to the common duiker, it is smaller in size and has a distinguishing reddish coloring. Additionally, the red forest duiker favors a denser bush habitat than the common duiker.
View Wikipedia Record: Cephalophus natalensis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
13
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.01
EDGE Score: 1.61

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  22.05 lbs (10.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  2.11 lbs (955 g)
Gestation [1]  7 months 3 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Afzelia quanzensis (Mahogany Bean)[2]
Albizia versicolor[2]
Androstachys johnsonii (Lebombo ironwood)[2]
Annona senegalensis (wild custard-apple)[2]
Apodytes dimidiata (White Pear)[2]
Artabotrys brachypetalus[2]
Bridelia micrantha (Coastal Golden-leaf)[2]
Capparis tomentosa (Woolly Caper Bush)[2]
Commiphora neglecta (Sweet-root Corkwood)[2]
Crinum stuhlmannii subsp. delagoense[2]
Crotalaria monteiroi[2]
Cymbopogon caesius[2]
Dichrostachys cinerea (aroma)[2]
Echinochloa pyramidalis (antelope grass)[2]
Euclea natalensis[2]
Euphorbia tirucalli (Indiantree spurge)[2]
Ficus sycomorus (sycamore fig)[2]
Grewia caffra (Climbing Raisin)[2]
Indigofera podophylla[2]
Manihot esculenta (cassava)[2]
Mimusops caffra[2]
Pygeum africanum (Red Stinkwood)[3]
Salacia kraussii[2]
Sansevieria hyacinthoides (iguanatail)[2]
Scutia myrtina (Cat-thorn)[2]
Sesuvium portulacastrum (shoreline seapurslane)[2]
Setaria incrassata[2]
Shirakiopsis elliptica[2]
Strychnos innocua[2]
Themeda triandra (red grass)[2]
Vachellia karroo (karroothorn)[2]
Xylotheca kraussiana (African Dog-rose)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aepyceros melampus (impala)1
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)1
Arizelocichla masukuensis (Shelley's Greenbul)1
Baeopogon indicator (Honeyguide Greenbul)1
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)1
Cheirogaleus major (greater dwarf lemur)1
Cheirogaleus medius (fat-tailed dwarf lemur)1
Chlorocebus aethiops (vervet monkey)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Civettictis civetta (African Civet)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)1
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)2
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)1
Dendrohyrax arboreus (Southern Tree Hyrax)1
Epomophorus wahlbergi (Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat)1
Equus quagga (quagga)1
Equus quagga burchellii (Burchell's zebra)1
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)2
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)2
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Galago senegalensis (Senegal galago)1
Gymnobucco bonapartei (Grey-throated Barbet)1
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)1
Lemur catta (ring-tailed lemur)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)6
Lybius bidentatus (Double-toothed Barbet)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)1
Microcebus rufus (brown mouse lemur)1
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Musophaga rossae (Ross's Turaco)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)21
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)1
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)1
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)1
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)1
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)1
Phyllastrephus hypochloris (Toro Olive Greenbul)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Propithecus verreauxi (Verreaux's sifaka)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)1
Quelea quelea (Red-billed Quelea)1
Redunca redunca (Bohar reedbuck)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Stactolaema leucotis (White-eared Barbet)1
Stelgidillas gracilirostris (Slender-billed Greenbul)1
Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)22
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)2
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)1
Taurotragus oryx (eland)1
Trachylaemus purpuratus (yellow-billed barbet)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)2
Turdoides sharpei (Black-lored Babbler)1
Turdus pelios (African Thrush)1
Turtur tympanistria (Tambourine Dove)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amblyomma hebraeum (Bont tick)[4]
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[4]
Cooperia rotundispiculum <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia yoshidai <Unverified Name>[5]
Ctenocephalides felis strongylus[6]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[5]
Echidnophaga larina[6]
Haemaphysalis leachi (African dog tick)[4]
Haemaphysalis parmata[4]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[5]
Hyostrongylus rubidus[5]
Impalaia tuberculata <Unverified Name>[5]
Linognathus breviceps[3]
Longistrongylus schrenki <Unverified Name>[5]
Ostertagia harrisi <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus maculatus[4]
Rhipicephalus muehlensi (Nyala tick)[4]
Setaria cornuta <Unverified Name>[5]
Setaria scalprum <Unverified Name>[5]
Stilesia hepatica <Unverified Name>[5]
Strongyloides papillosus[5]
Teladorsagia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus angistris <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus anomalus <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus axei[5]
Trichostrongylus capricola[4]
Trichostrongylus thomasi[5]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Bustan Zoological Centernatalensis
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Burger's Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Marwell Zimbabwe Trust
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Mitchell Park Zoo
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tygerberg Zoopark
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Co-existence and niche segregation of three small bovid species in southern Mozambique, Herbert H.T. Prins, Willem F. de Boer, Herman van Oeveren, Augusto Correia, Jorge Mafuca and Han Olff, 2006 East African Wild Life Society, Afr. J. Ecol., 44, 186–198 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access