Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Oryx > Oryx dammah

Oryx dammah (scimitar-horned oryx)

Wikipedia Abstract

The scimitar oryx or scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah), also known as the Sahara oryx, is a species of Oryx extinct in the wild since 2000. It formerly inhabited all of North Africa. It has a long taxonomic history since its discovery in 1816 by Lorenz Oken, who named it the Oryx algazel. This spiral-horned antelope stands a little more than 1 metre (3.3 ft) at the shoulder. The males weigh 140–210 kg (310–460 lb) and the females weigh 91–140 kg (201–309 lb). The coat is white with a red-brown chest and black markings on the forehead and down the length of the nose. The calves are born with a yellow coat, and the distinguishing marks are initially absent. The coats change to adult coloration at 3–12 months old.
View Wikipedia Record: Oryx dammah

Endangered Species

Status: Extinct in the wild
View IUCN Record: Oryx dammah


Adult Weight [1]  391.32 lbs (177.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  22.75 lbs (10.32 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 9 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  8 months 7 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  28 years
Migration [3]  Intracontinental


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Tassili N'Ajjer National Park II 24545308 Algeria  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No


Parasitized by 
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Al Ain Zoo
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Badoca Safari Park
Brevard Zoo
Busch Gardens Tampa Bay
Cape May County Park Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Flamingo Land LTD
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fota Wildlife Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Giza Zoological Garden
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kansas City Zoo
Knowsley Safari Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Center
Longleat Safari Park
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Manor House Wildlife Park
Marwell Wildlife
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Mogo Zoo P/L
Monarto Zoological Park
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
North of England Zoological Society
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Orana Wildlife Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Planete Sauvage
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Safari West
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royal
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Sofia Zoological Gardens
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
The Wilds
Toronto Zoo
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Werribee Open Range Zoo
Western Plains Zoo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Woburn Safari Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologická zahrada Hodonín
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access