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Oryx gazella (gemsbok)

Wikipedia Abstract

The gemsbok or gemsbuck (Oryx gazella) is a large antelope in the Oryx genus. It is native to the arid regions (for example the Kalahari Desert) of southern Africa, but formerly some authorities included the East African Oryx as a subspecies. Its current population in South Africa is 373,000.
View Wikipedia Record: Oryx gazella

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.81
EDGE Score: 1.92

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  374.79 lbs (170.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  26.46 lbs (12.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  9 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  24 years
Speed [3]  34.49 MPH (15.42 m/s)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Jornada Biosphere Reserve Ib 30913 New Mexico, United States
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Naute Dam Recreational Resort V 58352 Namibia  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Emblem of

Namibia

Prey / Diet

Acacia erioloba (camelthorn)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aepyceros melampus (impala)1
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)1
Giraffa camelopardalis (giraffe)1

Predators

Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[4]
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)[4]
Panthera leo (Lion)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[6]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[6]
Calicophoron daubneyi <Unverified Name>[7]
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[7]
Calicophoron raja <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia rotundispiculum <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinococcus granulosus[7]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[6]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[6]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[6]
Ixodes rubicundus (Karoo paralysis tick)[6]
Linognathus oryx[6]
Margaropus winthemi (South African beady-legged tick)[6]
Nematodirus spathiger[6]
Ostertagia ostertagi[6]
Rhipicephalus follis (Karoo brown tick)[6]
Rhipicephalus gertrudae[6]
Rhipicephalus glabroscutatum (Smooth brown tick)[6]
Rhipicephalus punctatus[6]
Taenia acinonyxi <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia coenurus <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia crocutae <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia regis <Unverified Name>[7]
Teladorsagia hamata <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus axei[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoogazella
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Artis Zoogazella
Auckland Zoological Parkgazella
Buffalo Zoological Gardensgazella
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augerongazella
Chahinkapa Zoogazella
Dallas Zoo
DSI Givskud Zoogazella
Emerald Safari Resortgazella
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Doregazella
Fossil Rim Wildlife Centergazella
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Giza Zoological Garden
International Animal Exchange, Inc.gazella
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoogazella
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensgazella
Khao Kheow Open Zoogazella
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Centergazella
Lion Country Safari Inc - Floridagazella
Maktoum Wildlife Centregazella
Marwell Wildlifegazella
Miami Metrozoo
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Rucheigazella
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africagazella
North of England Zoological Societygazella
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFTgazella
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernasgazella
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèngazella
Safari West
 gazella
Safaripark Beekse Bergengazella
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunngazella
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Taipei Zoogazella
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Incgazella
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltdgazella
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkgazella
Woburn Safari Parkgazella
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.gazella
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnicegazella
Zoologicka zahrada Olomoucgazella
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburggazella

Range Map

Link to Map
Africa; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Grubb P., 22-Apr-2004, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4The Namib: Detritus and Fog Dependence Scott Christy March 1st, 2006 5Panthera leo, Sarah K. Haas, Virginia Hayssen, and Paul R. Krausman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 762, pp. 1–11 (2005) 6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011 Out of Africa Wildlife Park