Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Chiroptera > Pteropodidae > Cynopterus > Cynopterus brachyotis
 

Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The lesser short-nosed fruit bat (Cynopterus brachyotis) is a species of megabat within the family Pteropodidae. It is a small bat that lives in South and Southeast Asia and Indonesia (Borneo). It weighs between 21 and 32 grams (0.74 and 1.13 oz). It occurs in many types of habitat, but most frequently in disturbed forest, including lower montane forest and tropical lowland rainforest, plus gardens, mangroves, and vegetation on beaches.
View Wikipedia Record: Cynopterus brachyotis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.64
EDGE Score: 2.03

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  27.9 grams
Birth Weight [2]  6.2 grams
Female Maturity [2]  7 months 3 days
Male Maturity [2]  7 months 3 days
Diet [3]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  100 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  3 months 22 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years
Nocturnal [4]  Yes
Wing Span [1]  15 inches (.37 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon tropical pine forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulu Archipelago rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Bako National Park II 9035 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Kutu Wildlife Reserve IV 4602 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Manembo-nembo Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV 18731 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Hulu Langat Forest Reserve/Sungai Tekali Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Chamao-Khao Wong National Park II 20311 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Tha Phet Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Laem Son National Park Marine National Park II 69145 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve Hunting Reserve 730 Sarawak, Malaysia    
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Bischofia javanica (Javanese bishopwood)[5]
Dillenia reifferscheidia[5]
Ficus auriculata[6]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[6]
Ficus fistulosa[6]
Ficus gasparriniana[5]
Ficus grewiifolia[5]
Ficus heteropoda[5]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[6]
Ficus schwarzii[6]
Ficus septica[5]
Manilkara zapota (sapodilla)[7]
Microcus stylocarpa[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)3
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)2
Cynopterus horsfieldii (Horsfield's fruit bat)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)4
Cynopterus titthaecheilus (Indonesian short-nosed fruit bat)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)5
Ducula poliocephala (Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon)4
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)2
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)3
Hypsipetes philippinus (Philippine Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)2
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)2
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)2
Macroglossus sobrinus (greater long-tongued fruit bat)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)4
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)2
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)4
Penelopides panini (Tarictic Hornbill)3
Phapitreron leucotis (White-eared Brown Dove)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)4
Presbytis comata (grizzled leaf monkey)2
Ptenochirus jagori (greater musky fruit bat)7
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Ptilinopus occipitalis (Yellow-breasted Fruit Dove)4
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)2
Rhabdornis mystacalis (Stripe-headed Creeper)2
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)2
Sarcops calvus (Coleto)3
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)2
Zosterops nigrorum (Yellowish White-eye)2
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Thaumapsylla longiforceps[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Lubee Bat Conservancy
Organization for Bat Conservation
Singapore Zoological Gardens

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Habitat structure, wing morphology, and the vertical stratification of Malaysian fruit bats (Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae), Robert Hodgkison, Sharon T. Balding, Akbar Zubaid and Thomas H. Kunz, Journal of Tropical Ecology (2004) 20:667–673
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5Interactions among Frugivores and Fleshy Fruit Trees in a Philippine Submontane Rainforest, Andreas Hamann and Eberhard Curio, Conservation Biology Volume 13, No. 4, August 1999, Pages 766–773
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access