Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Chiroptera > Pteropodidae > Pteropus > Pteropus conspicillatus
 

Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)

Wikipedia Abstract

The spectacled flying fox (Pteropus conspicillatus), also known as the spectacled fruit bat, is a megabat that lives in Australia's north-eastern regions of Queensland. It is also found in New Guinea and on the offshore islands including Woodlark Island, Alcester Island, Kiriwina, and Halmahera.The spectacled flying fox was listed as a threatened species under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act of 1991.
View Wikipedia Record: Pteropus conspicillatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
15
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.71
EDGE Score: 1.74

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.71 lbs (776 g)
Diet [2]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  100 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  6 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Biak-Numfoor rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Halmahera rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Louisiade Archipelago rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
New Guinea mangroves Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Mangroves
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southeastern Papuan rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trobriand Islands rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Vogelkop-Aru lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yapen rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Crater Lakes National Park II 2320 Queensland, Australia
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Acronychia acidula (Lemon aspen)[3]
Archontophoenix alexandrae (Alexandra palm)[3]
Canarium muelleri[3]
Castanospermum australe (Moreton Bay Chestnut)[3]
Elaeocarpus angustifolius (Blue Marble Tree)[3]
Elaeocarpus bancroftii[3]
Eucalyptus cloeziana (cloeziana gum)[3]
Eucalyptus tereticornis (forest redgum)[3]
Faradaya splendida[3]
Ficus crassipes (Round-leaved Banana Fig)[4]
Ficus fraseri (White Sandpaper Fig)[3]
Ficus nodosa[4]
Ficus pleurocarpa (banana fig)[3]
Ficus tinctoria (fig)[4]
Ficus triradiata (red stipule fig)[4]
Ficus virens[4]
Ficus wassa[4]
Ficus watkinsiana (Ficus watkinsiana)[3]
Grevillea robusta (silkoak)[3]
Manilkara kauki (manilkara)[3]
Melia azedarach (chinaberry)[3]
Nauclea orientalis[3]
Neolitsea dealbata (Hairy-leaved Bolly Gum)[3]
Parinari nonda (Nonda Plum)[3]
Polyalthia michaelii[3]
Terminalia arenicola[3]
Terminalia catappa (india almond)[3]
Terminalia sericocarpa[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)1
Ailuroedus buccoides (White-eared Catbird)2
Ailuroedus crassirostris (Green Catbird)2
Alecanopsis casuarinae1
Alisterus scapularis (Australian King Parrot)1
Allantomytilus maideni1
Amaurornis phoenicurus (White-breasted Waterhen)1
Apiomorpha baeuerleni1
Apiomorpha conica1
Apiomorpha frenchi1
Apiomorpha karschi1
Apiomorpha ovicola1
Apiomorpha pedunculata1
Apiomorpha pileata1
Aplonis cantoroides (Singing Starling)1
Aplonis metallica (Metallic Starling)1
Australicoccus grevilleae (Grevillea mealybug)1
Cacatua sulphurea (Yellow-crested Cockatoo)1
Campochaera sloetii (Golden Cuckooshrike)1
Casuarius bennetti (Dwarf Cassowary)1
Casuarius casuarius (Southern Cassowary)4
Chionaspis formosa1
Cicinnurus regius (King Bird-of-Paradise)2
Columba leucomela (White-headed Pigeon)1
Columba vitiensis (Metallic Pigeon)1
Coracina lineata (Barred Cuckooshrike)1
Dicaeum pectorale (Olive-crowned Flowerpecker)1
Dobsonia minor (lesser naked-backed fruit bat)3
Dobsonia moluccensis (Moluccan naked-backed fruit bat)3
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula pinon (Pinon Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula pistrinaria (Island Imperial-pigeon)1
Ducula rufigaster (Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon)1
Dysmicoccus queenslandianus1
Echymipera kalubu (Common Echymipera)3
Echymipera rufescens (Long-nosed Echymipera)3
Eos histrio (Red-and-blue Lory)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Gallicolumba jobiensis (Purple Ground Dove)1
Gallicolumba rufigula (Cinnamon Ground Dove)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Gymnophaps albertisii (Papuan Mountain Pigeon)1
Hypsiprymnodon moschatus (Musky Rat-kangaroo)3
Lalage atrovirens (Black-browed Triller)1
Lalage leucomela (Varied Triller)1
Lopholaimus antarcticus (Topknot Pigeon)3
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)1
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)3
Macropygia amboinensis (Brown Cuckoo-Dove)1
Melanocharis nigra (Black Berrypecker)1
Meliphaga aruensis (Puff-backed Honeyeater)1
Meliphaga lewinii (Lewin's Honeyeater)2
Nyctimene albiventer (common tube-nosed fruit bat)3
Oriolus sagittatus (Olive-backed Oriole)1
Oriolus szalayi (Brown Oriole)1
Paradisaea raggiana (Raggiana Bird-of-Paradise)1
Paranyctimene raptor (unstriped tube-nosed bat)2
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Peroryctes raffrayana (Raffray's Bandicoot)3
Petauroides volans (Greater Glider)1
Petaurus norfolcensis (Squirrel Glider)1
Phalanger gymnotis (Ground Cuscus)1
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)3
Phalanger vestitus (Stein's Cuscus)3
Philemon buceroides (Helmeted Friarbird)2
Platycercus elegans (Crimson Rosella)1
Pseudochirops archeri (Green Ringtail)2
Pseudococcus hypergaeus1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus neohibernicus (great flying fox)2
Pteropus poliocephalus (gray-headed flying fox)3
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)1
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)1
Ptilinopus cinctus (Banded Fruit Dove)1
Ptilinopus coronulatus (Coroneted Fruit Dove)1
Ptilinopus iozonus (Orange-bellied Fruit Dove)1
Ptilinopus magnificus (Wompoo Fruit Dove)4
Ptilinopus regina (Rose-crowned Fruit Dove)3
Ptilinopus solomonensis (Yellow-bibbed Fruit Dove)2
Ptilinopus superbus (Superb Fruit Dove)1
Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird)1
Ptiloris magnificus (Magnificent Riflebird)2
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)1
Reinwardtoena reinwardtii (Great Cuckoo-Dove)1
Rhyticeros plicatus (Papuan Hornbill)2
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)3
Scythrops novaehollandiae (Channel-billed Cuckoo)1
Seleucidis melanoleucus (Twelve-wired bird-of-paradise)1
Sericulus chrysocephalus (Regent Bowerbird)2
Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird)3
Spilocuscus maculatus (Common Spotted Cuscus)2
Strepera graculina (Pied Currawong)2
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)1
Syconycteris australis (southern blossom bat)3
Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus (Scaly-breasted Lorikeet)1
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Zosterops griseotinctus (Islet White-eye)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Cyclopodia australis[5]
Hepatocystis pteropi <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Brisbane's Alma Park Zoo
Lubee Bat Conservancy

Range Map

Australia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3The Spectacled Flying-Fox, Pteropus conspicillatus (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae), in North Queensland 2. Diet, seed dispersal and feeding ecology, G. C. Richards, Australian Mammalogy, Vol 13 Nos. 1 & 2, pp. 25-31
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access