Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Chiroptera > Pteropodidae > Pteropus > Pteropus giganteus
 

Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Indian Flying-fox (Pteropus giganteus) is a species of megabat in the Pteropodidae family. It is found in Bangladesh, China, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Also known as the Greater Indian Fruit Bat, it lives in mainly forests. It is a very large bat with a wing span of between 1.2 and 1.5 meters (4-5 feet). It is nocturnal and feeds mainly on ripe fruits such as mangoes and bananas and nectar. This bat is gregarious and lives in colonies which can number a few hundred.
View Wikipedia Record: Pteropus giganteus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
16
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.05
EDGE Score: 1.8

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  2.59 lbs (1.18 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  45 grams
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Herbivore
Gestation [2]  4 months 25 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  40 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Weaning [2]  4 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Maldives Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Indravati Tiger Reserve   Chhattishgarh, India        
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary IV 51099 Maharashtra, India  
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Anacardium occidentale (cashew)[3]
Annona reticulata (custard apple)[3]
Annona squamosa (sugar apple)[3]
Artocarpus integrifolia[3]
Azadirachta indica (neem)[3]
Borassus flabellifer (toddy palm)[3]
Calophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)[3]
Carica papaya (papaya)[3]
Ceiba pentandra (kapoktree)[3]
Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[4]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[4]
Ficus racemosa (clustertree)[4]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[4]
Ficus sarmentosa[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Lannea coromandelica[3]
Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia (moa tree)[3]
Mangifera indica (mango)[3]
Manilkara zapota (sapodilla)[3]
Musa paradisiaca (Banana)[3]
Polyalthia longifolia[3]
Psidium guajava (common guava)[3]
Punica granatum (pomegranate)[3]
Syzygium cumini (Jambul)[3]
Terminalia catappa (india almond)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)4
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)3
Axis axis (chital)4
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)3
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)4
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)3
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)3
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)4
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)5
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)3
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)5
Hylobates hoolock (hoolock gibbon)4
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)3
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)4
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)3
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)3
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)3
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)5
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)4
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)4
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)3
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)3
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)4
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)4
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)3
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)3
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)3
Sus scrofa (wild boar)4
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)3
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)3
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)3
Turdoides striatus (Bengal jungle babbler)3

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Hymenolepis moniezi <Unverified Name>[5]
Mathevotaenia aurangabadensis <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon World
Assiniboine Park Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Capron Park Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Clyde Peeling's Reptiland
Denver Zoological Gardens
Ellen Trout Zoo
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Lubee Bat Conservancy
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Organization for Bat Conservation
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Riverview Park & Zoo
Safari de Peaugres
San Diego Zoogiganteus
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Topeka Zoological Park
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo of Antwerp

Range Map

Link to Map
Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wilson D.E, 08-Jun-2004, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011