Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Chiroptera > Pteropodidae > Rousettus > Rousettus aegyptiacus
 

Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)

Synonyms: Rousettus egyptiacus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Egyptian fruit bat or Egyptian rousette (Rousettus aegyptiacus) is a species of Old World fruit bat.
View Wikipedia Record: Rousettus aegyptiacus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
6
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.18
EDGE Score: 1.16

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  125 grams
Birth Weight [1]  21 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Gestation [1]  3 months 26 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  23 years
Weaning [1]  4 months 2 days
Wing Span [2]  23 inches (.577 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic Nigeria Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Al Wathba Wetland Reserve 1236 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates      
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Mujib Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Adansonia digitata (baobab)[3]
Ficus carica (piku)[4]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[4]
Ficus rubiginosa (Port Jackson fig)[4]
Ficus sansibarica (Knobbly fig)[4]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[4]
Ficus sycomorus (sycamore fig)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)2
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)2
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)3
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)4
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)2
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)3
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)3
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)2
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)2
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)3
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)2
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)2
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)2
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)2
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)2
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)4
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)2
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)2

Predators

Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)[3]
Falco biarmicus (Lanner Falcon)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Archaeopsylla erinacei erinacei[5]
Eucampsipoda africana[6]
Thaumapsylla breviceps breviceps[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Amazon World
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Boonshoft Museum of Discovery
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Kansas City Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Lubee Bat Conservancy
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Mesker Park Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moscow Zoological Park
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Organization for Bat Conservation
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque De La Naturaleza Selwo (GRPR)
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Peace River Refuge & Ranch, Inc.
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Phoenix Zoo
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Potawatomi Zoo
Randers Regnskov
Rodbaston College
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rotterdam Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Scovill Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silver Springs Park
The Philadelphia Zoo
Toronto Zoo
Tropical Butterfly House
Tropical World
Wilhelma Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Allometry of Bat Wings and Legs and Comparison with Bird Wings, Ulla M. Norberg, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 1981 292, 359-398 3Rousettus egyptiacus, Gary G. Kwiecinski and Thomas A. Griffiths, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 611, pp. 1-9 (1999) 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 5International Flea Database 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access