Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Chiroptera > Pteropodidae > Macroglossus > Macroglossus minimus
 

Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The long-tongued nectar bat (Macroglossus minimus), also known as the northern blossom bat, honey nectar bat, least blossom-bat, dagger-toothed long-nosed fruit bat, and lesser long-tongued fruit bat, is a species of megabat. M. minimus is one of the smallest species in the family Pteropodidae, with an average length of 60–85 mm. It has a reddish-brown colouring with relatively long hair compared to the other species.
View Wikipedia Record: Macroglossus minimus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
30
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.98
EDGE Score: 2.71

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  15.9 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Nectarivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  80 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Admiralty Islands lowland rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Buru rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Range montane rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Halmahera rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Louisiade Archipelago rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Luzon montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
New Britain-New Ireland montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
New Guinea mangroves Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Mangroves
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern New Guinea montane rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Seram rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Solomon Islands rain forests Solomon Islands Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Papuan rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi montane rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trobriand Islands rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bako National Park II 9035 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Crater Lakes National Park II 2320 Queensland, Australia
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kakadu National Park II 4744348 Northern Territory, Australia
Khao Chamao-Khao Wong National Park II 20311 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve Hunting Reserve 730 Sarawak, Malaysia    
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Ficus bernaysii[3]
Ficus copiosa[3]
Ficus dammaropsis (Highland Breadfruit)[3]
Ficus gasparriniana[3]
Ficus minahassae (clustertree)[3]
Ficus nodosa[3]
Ficus phaeosyce[3]
Ficus pungens[3]
Ficus septica[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Ficus tinctoria (fig)[3]
Ficus trachypison[3]
Ficus wassa[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ailuroedus buccoides (White-eared Catbird)7
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)2
Aplonis cantoroides (Singing Starling)2
Axis axis (chital)2
Campochaera sloetii (Golden Cuckooshrike)5
Casuarius bennetti (Dwarf Cassowary)4
Charmosyna placentis (Red-flanked Lorikeet)4
Cicinnurus regius (King Bird-of-Paradise)5
Columba vitiensis (Metallic Pigeon)4
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Dicaeum pectorale (Olive-crowned Flowerpecker)5
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)2
Dobsonia minor (lesser naked-backed fruit bat)9
Dobsonia moluccensis (Moluccan naked-backed fruit bat)10
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Ducula pinon (Pinon Imperial Pigeon)4
Ducula rufigaster (Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon)4
Echymipera kalubu (Common Echymipera)9
Echymipera rufescens (Long-nosed Echymipera)10
Gallicolumba jobiensis (Purple Ground Dove)4
Gallicolumba rufigula (Cinnamon Ground Dove)4
Gymnophaps albertisii (Papuan Mountain Pigeon)4
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)2
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)2
Lalage atrovirens (Black-browed Triller)5
Lorius lory (Black-capped Lory)4
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)3
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)2
Manucodia comrii (Curl-crested Manucode)2
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Melanocharis nigra (Black Berrypecker)5
Meliphaga aruensis (Puff-backed Honeyeater)3
Nyctimene albiventer (common tube-nosed fruit bat)11
Oriolus szalayi (Brown Oriole)5
Paradisaea raggiana (Raggiana Bird-of-Paradise)2
Paranyctimene raptor (unstriped tube-nosed bat)10
Peroryctes raffrayana (Raffray's Bandicoot)10
Phalanger orientalis (Northern Common Cuscus)11
Phalanger vestitus (Stein's Cuscus)11
Philemon buceroides (Helmeted Friarbird)7
Pitohui kirhocephalus (Variable Pitohui)4
Poecilodryas placens (Olive-yellow Robin)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)2
Pseudeos fuscata (Dusky Lory)4
Ptenochirus jagori (greater musky fruit bat)2
Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pteropus neohibernicus (great flying fox)2
Ptilinopus coronulatus (Coroneted Fruit Dove)4
Ptilinopus iozonus (Orange-bellied Fruit Dove)4
Ptilinopus magnificus (Wompoo Fruit Dove)6
Ptilinopus solomonensis (Yellow-bibbed Fruit Dove)4
Ptiloris magnificus (Magnificent Riflebird)5
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)2
Reinwardtoena reinwardtii (Great Cuckoo-Dove)4
Rhyticeros plicatus (Papuan Hornbill)8
Rousettus amplexicaudatus (Geoffroy's rousette)11
Scythrops novaehollandiae (Channel-billed Cuckoo)2
Seleucidis melanoleucus (Twelve-wired bird-of-paradise)4
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)2
Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird)3
Spilocuscus maculatus (Common Spotted Cuscus)10
Syconycteris australis (southern blossom bat)12
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)5

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Territory Wildlife Park (Berry Springs

Range Map

Australia; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Felisa A. Smith, S. Kathleen Lyons, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Kate E. Jones, Dawn M. Kaufman, Tamar Dayan, Pablo A. Marquet, James H. Brown, and John P. Haskell. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access