Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Chiroptera > Noctilionoidea > Phyllostomidae > Carollia > Carollia perspicillata
 

Carollia perspicillata (Seba's short-tailed bat)

Synonyms: Vespertilio perspicillata

Wikipedia Abstract

Seba's short-tailed bat (Carollia perspicillata) is a common and widespread bat species from South and Central America.
View Wikipedia Record: Carollia perspicillata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.2
EDGE Score: 2.22

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  15 grams
Birth Weight [1]  5 grams
Female Maturity [1]  8 months 18 days
Male Maturity [1]  8 months 18 days
Gestation [1]  3 months 5 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years
Wing Span [2]  12 inches (.316 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan piedmont and lowland moist forests Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marañón dry forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Patía Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Celaque National Park II 66197 Honduras  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Columbia River Forest Reserve VI 149053 Belize  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Cusuco National Park II 44047 Honduras  
Espiritu Wildlife Refuge   Bolivia      
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia Sombrero Private Reserve   Paraguay      
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Reserva de la Planada   Colombia      
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Merendón   Honduras      
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva Natural Tambito   Colombia      
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Sierra de Agalta National Park II 128902 Honduras  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Victoria-Mayaro Forest Reserve 132764 Trinidad and Tobago  
Ybycu'í National Park II 13915 Paraguay  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Cerrado Brazil No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Cecropia polystachya (Trumpet tree)[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Maclura tinctoria (fustictree)[5]
Piper amalago (higuillo de limon)[5]
Piper auritum (Vera cruz pepper)[6]
Piper colonense[6]
Piper gaudichaudianum[5]
Piper hispidum (Jamaican pepper)[5]
Piper lanceifolium[6]
Piper multiplinervium[6]
Piper reticulatum[6]
Piper sancti-felicis[6]
Piper secundum[6]
Senna fruticosa[6]
Solanum arboreum[6]
Solanum rugosum (cucuna)[6]
Vismia baccifera subsp. baccifera[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)7
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)2
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)1
Bradypus tridactylus (Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth)1
Callithrix aurita (white-eared marmoset)1
Carollia castanea (chestnut short-tailed bat)10
Carollia subrufa (gray short-tailed bat)1
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)1
Chiropotes satanas (brown-bearded saki)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)1
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)1
Didelphis albiventris (White-eared Opossum)1
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)1
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)1
Euphonia musica (Antillean Euphonia)1
Glossophaga commissarisi (Commissaris's long-tongued bat)4
Glossophaga longirostris (Miller's long-tongued bat)1
Glossophaga soricina (Pallas's long-tongued bat)1
Habia fuscicauda (Red-throated Ant-Tanager)1
Loxigilla portoricensis (Puerto Rican Bullfinch)1
Margarops fuscatus (Pearly-eyed Thrasher)1
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)1
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)1
Phyllops falcatus (Cuban fig-eating bat)1
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)2
Platyrrhinus lineatus (white-lined broad-nosed bat)1
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)1
Pyrrhura molinae (Green-cheeked Parakeet)1
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Rhinophylla pumilio (dwarf little fruit bat)1
Saguinus leucopus (silvery-brown bare-face tamarin)1
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)1
Sturnira lilium (little yellow-shouldered bat)2
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)1
Tangara guttata (Speckled Tanager)1
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)1
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)1
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)1
Vampyriscus nymphaea (striped yellow-eared bat)1
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)1

Predators

Trachops cirrhosus (fringe-lipped bat)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Carostrongylus touzeti <Unverified Name>[8]
Chiropterotrema antioquiense <Unverified Name>[8]
Litomosoides brasiliensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Litomosoides carolliae <Unverified Name>[8]
Litomosoides guiterasi[8]
Litomosoides hamletti <Unverified Name>[8]
Litomosoides penei <Unverified Name>[8]
Litomosoides teshi <Unverified Name>[8]
Nudacotyle carollia <Unverified Name>[8]
Topsiturvitrema verticalia <Unverified Name>[8]
Pollinator of 
Cecropia polystachya (Trumpet tree)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Amazon World
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Biodome de Montreal
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Burger's Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Central Park Zoo
Dallas World Aquarium
Dierenpark Emmen
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Great Plains Zoo
Hamerton Zoological Park
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Marwell Wildlife
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miami Metrozoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
North of England Zoological Society
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oatland Island Wildlife Center
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Organization for Bat Conservation
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Randers Regnskov
Rodbaston College
Saitama Children's Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
The ZOO, Northwest Florida
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Twycross Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Wilhelma Zoo
Wonders of Wildlife Museum
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoological Society of London
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt

Range Map

Patfa Valley dry forests;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Allometry of Bat Wings and Legs and Comparison with Bird Wings, Ulla M. Norberg, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 1981 292, 359-398 3Animals of the Rainforest 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 5The diet of fruit-eating bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae) in a small Semideciduous Seasonal Forest remnant in south Brazil, Sandra Bos Mikich, Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.19 no.1 Curitiba Mar. 2002 6Food niche overlap among neotropical frugivorous bats in Costa Rica, Jorge E. Lopez & Christopher Vaughan, Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J. Trop. Biol. ISSN-0034-7744) Vol. 55 (1): 301-313, March 2007 7FOOD HABITS OF THE FROG - EATING BAT , TRACHOPS CIRRHOSUS , IN ATLANTIC FOREST OF NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL, Flavio H. G. Rodrigues, Marcelo L. Reis & Vivian S. Braz, Chiroptera Neotropical, 10(1-2), December 2004 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access