Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Chiroptera > Vespertilionoidea > Vespertilionidae > Plecotus > Plecotus austriacus
 

Plecotus austriacus (gray big-eared bat)

Synonyms: Plecotus austriacus austriacus; Vespertilio auritus austriacus

Wikipedia Abstract

The grey long-eared bat (Plecotus austriacus) is a fairly large European bat. It has distinctive ears, long and with a distinctive fold. It hunts above woodland, often by day, and mostly for moths. It is extremely similar to the more common brown long-eared bat, and was only distinguished in the 1960s, but has a paler belly.While Continental European distributions are not threatened, a 2013 study found this species was close to extinction in the United Kingdom.
View Wikipedia Record: Plecotus austriacus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.96
EDGE Score: 2.39

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  12 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  100 %
Forages - Scansorial [2]  100 %
Litter Size [3]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years 6 months
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Wing Span [3]  11 inches (.28 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Afghan Mountains semi-desert Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira evergreen forests Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Bagni di Masino - Pizzo Badile - Val di Mello - Val Torrone - Piano di Preda Rossa 23828 Italy  
Beskid Maly 17757 Poland  
Beskid Slaski 65261 Poland  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Bukovské vrchy 106836 Slovakia  
COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA 62948 Spain  
Capanne di Marcarolo 23604 Italy  
Colli Euganei - Monte Lozzo - Monte Ricco 37303 Italy  
Complesso di Monterufoli 12437 Italy  
Corno alle Scale 11322 Italy  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO JALÓN 41432 Spain  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
Dolina Dolnej Wisly 82926 Poland  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Dunajské luhy 45462 Slovakia  
ELOS - TOPOLIA - SASALOS - AGIOS DIKAIOS 18167 Greece  
Elba orientale 11582 Italy  
Elbtal zwischen Schöna und Mühlberg 10658 Germany  
FORET DE HAGUENAU 47494 France  
Fiume Po da Rio Boriacco a Bosco Ospizio 14018 Italy  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gessi Bolognesi, Calanchi dell'Abbadessa 10616 Italy  
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Gohrischheide und Elbniederterrasse Zeithain 6558 Germany  
Grave e Zone umide della Brenta 9509 Italy  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Grigne 17695 Italy  
Große Luppe - Reinsberge - Veronikaberg 6136 Germany  
HAUTES-VOSGES, HAUT-RHIN 58515 France  
Herpfer Wald - Berkeser Wald - Stillberg 5454 Germany  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kyffhäuser - Badraer Schweiz - Solwiesen 8357 Germany  
Königsbrücker Heide 17129 Germany  
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Lasy Sobiborskie 23992 Poland  
Legi Odrzanskie 44477 Poland  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MONTES DE ZUERA, CASTEJÓN DE VALDEJASA Y EL CASTELLAR 63037 Spain  
Malá Fatra 176505 Slovakia  
Malé Karpaty 125118 Slovakia  
Masyw Slezy 12502 Poland  
Medzibodrožie 87915 Slovakia  
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Monte Gemelli, Monte Guffone 32991 Italy  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz 23127 Germany  
Nietoperek 18230 Poland  
Nordwestlicher Thüringer Wald 7855 Germany  
Nízke Tatry 239467 Slovakia  
Oberlausitzer Heide - und Teichlandschaft Nature Reserve IV 32467 Germany  
Ostoja Olsztynsko-Mirowska 5463 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Penyagolosa 131527 Spain  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Pieniny 5773 Poland  
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Podziemia Tarnogórsko-Bytomskie 8626 Poland  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Po¾ana 93067 Slovakia  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Przelomowa Dolina Narwi 45974 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla tac-Cirkewwa sa Il-Ponta ta' Benghisa 5724 Malta  
Reinstädter Berge - Langer Grund 5669 Germany  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS 74804 Spain  
SIERRA ALHAMILLA 20716 Spain  
SIERRA DE MONCAYO - LOS FAYOS - SIERRA DE ARMAS 44956 Spain  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Senianske rybníky 6594 Slovakia  
Slanské vrchy 157675 Slovakia  
Slovenský kras 100327 Slovakia  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Strážovské vrchy 147080 Slovakia  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Truppenübungsplatz Hammelburg 8874 Germany  
Truppenübungsplatz Hohenfels 36824 Germany  
Truppenübungsplatz Oberlausitz 33599 Germany  
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
TÜP Ohrdruf - Jonastal 14824 Germany  
VALLEE DU RHIN D'ARTZENHEIM A VILLAGE-NEUF 12093 France  
VOREIA CHIOS 80479 Greece  
VOREIA CHIOS KAI NISOI OINOUSSES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI 85029 Greece  
Vena del Gesso Romagnola 13690 Italy  
Vereinigte Mulde und Muldeauen 14592 Germany  
Vihorlat 133079 Slovakia  
Volovské vrchy 316267 Slovakia  
Werra bis Treffurt mit Zuflüssen 5585 Germany  
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Zaleczanski Luk Warty 23023 Poland  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Predators

Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthatrium sphaerula <Unverified Name>[5]
Allassogonoporus amphoraeformis <Unverified Name>[5]
Anchitrema sanguineum <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillaria neopulchra <Unverified Name>[5]
Hymenolepis balsaci <Unverified Name>[5]
Ischnopsyllus hexactenus[6]
Ischnopsyllus octactenus[6]
Lecithodendrium granulosum <Unverified Name>[5]
Lecithodendrium linstowi <Unverified Name>[5]
Litomosa filaria <Unverified Name>[5]
Nycteridopsylla pentactena[6]
Nycteridopsylla trigona balcanica[6]
Parabascus duboisi <Unverified Name>[5]
Parabascus lepidotus <Unverified Name>[5]
Physaloptera brevivaginata <Unverified Name>[5]
Plagiorchis vespertilionis[5]
Prosthodendrium ascidia <Unverified Name>[5]
Prosthodendrium chilostomum <Unverified Name>[5]
Rictularia macdonaldi[5]
Rictularia plagiostoma <Unverified Name>[5]
Seuratum mucronatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Vampirolepis acuta <Unverified Name>[5]

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Bat Conservation Trust
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access