Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Callosciurus > Callosciurus notatus
 

Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)

Wikipedia Abstract

The plantain squirrel, oriental squirrel or tricoloured squirrel, Callosciurus notatus is a species of rodents in the Sciuridae family found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand in a wide range of habitats: forests, mangroves, parks, gardens, and agricultural areas. Fruit farmers consider them to be pests.Its body is about 20–30 cm long with a similar-sized tail. It is greyish/brown with a chestnut belly and a black and white stripe between the two.
View Wikipedia Record: Callosciurus notatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
33
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 16.76
EDGE Score: 2.88

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  190 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  3
Maximum Longevity [2]  15 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Bukit Kutu Wildlife Reserve IV 4602 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Nong Thung Thong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus acamptophylla[4]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus binnendykii[4]
Ficus bracteata[4]
Ficus caulocarpa[4]
Ficus consociata[4]
Ficus crassiramea[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. crassiramea[4]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[4]
Ficus cucurbitina[4]
Ficus delosyce[4]
Ficus fulva[4]
Ficus inaequifolia[4]
Ficus kerkhoveni[4]
Ficus parietalis[4]
Ficus pellucido-punctata[4]
Ficus sagittata[4]
Ficus sinuata[4]
Ficus stricta[4]
Ficus subcordata[4]
Ficus uniglandulosa[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)4
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)2
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)9
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)9
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)2
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)4
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)11
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)5
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)9
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)11
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)16
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)5
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)4
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)12
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)5
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)2
Callosciurus melanogaster (Mentawai squirrel)2
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)5
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)16
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)15
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)15
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)4
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)9
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)13
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)15
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)4
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)9
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)5
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)7
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)4
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Geokichla interpres (Chestnut-capped Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)9
Helarctos malayanus (Sun bear)2
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)10
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)11
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)14
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)5
Lophura ignita (Crested Fireback)2
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)6
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)13
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)3
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)3
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)14
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)15
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)12
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)16
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)8
Melanochlora sultanea (Sultan Tit)2
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)5
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)13
Presbytis rubicunda (red leaf monkey)2
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)6
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)11
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)6
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)8
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)2
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)2
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)4
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)16
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)12
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)12
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)7
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)8
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)6
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)4
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)9
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)10
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)6
Rusa unicolor (sambar)2
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)3
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)6
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)4
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)10
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)13
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)3
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)8
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)3
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)7

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Allassogonoporus callosciuri <Unverified Name>[5]
Medwayella phangi phangi[6]
Medwayella robinsoni bogora[6]
Medwayella robinsoni peregrinata[6]
Medwayella robinsoni tiomanica[6]
Medwayella thurmani[6]
Syngenopsyllus calceatus[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Wilhelma Zoo

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access