Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Marmota > Marmota bobak

Marmota bobak (Bobak marmot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The bobak marmot (Marmota bobak), also known as the steppe marmot, is a species of marmot that inhabits the steppes of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It is a social animal and inhabits steppe grassland, including cultivated field borders. It hibernates for more than half the year. Litter sizes average about five offspring and it takes three years for the young marmots to reach sexual maturity. Male offspring leave the home colony after their second winter, and about 60% of mature females give birth in any one year. The fur is used to make hats and coats and a Moscow fur-farm is experimenting with breeding bobak marmots for their pelts.
View Wikipedia Record: Marmota bobak


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.14
EDGE Score: 1.42


Adult Weight [1]  16.09 lbs (7.30 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  36 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  40 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  1
Weaning [1]  37 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia


Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[3]
Aquila heliaca (Eastern Imperial Eagle)[4]
Aquila rapax (Tawny Eagle)[3]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[3]
Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon)[5]


Parasitized by 
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Amalaraeus penicilliger syrt[7]
Amphalius runatus runatus[7]
Amphipsylla daea[7]
Amphipsylla longispina longispina[7]
Amphipsylla primaris mitis[7]
Amphipsylla primaris primaris[7]
Amphipsylla schelkovnikovi[7]
Amphipsylla vinogradovi vinogradovi[7]
Callopsylla dolabris[7]
Ceratophyllus garei[7]
Ceratophyllus indages indages <Unverified Name>[7]
Ceratophyllus styx riparius[7]
Ceratophyllus tribulis[7]
Chaetopsylla homoea[7]
Citellophilus altaicus[7]
Citellophilus sungaris sungaris[7]
Citellophilus tesquorum[3]
Citellophilus tesquorum mongolicus[7]
Ctenophthalmus breviatus[7]
Ctenophthalmus orientalis[7]
Ctenophyllus subarmatus[7]
Echinococcus multilocularis[6]
Frontopsylla elata elata[7]
Frontopsylla elatoides longa[7]
Frontopsylla frontalis baikal[7]
Frontopsylla hetera[7]
Frontopsylla luculenta[7]
Frontopsylla luculenta luculenta[7]
Frontopsylla wagneri wagneri[7]
Linognathoides palaearctus[3]
Megabothris rectangulatus[7]
Neopsylla abagaitui[7]
Neopsylla bidentatiformis[7]
Neopsylla mana[7]
Neopsylla pleskei orientalis[7]
Neopsylla setosa[3]
Ochotonobius hirticrus[7]
Ophthalmopsylla kukuschkini[7]
Ophthalmopsylla praefecta pernix[7]
Ophthalmopsylla praefecta praefecta[7]
Oropsylla alaskensis[7]
Oropsylla silantiewi[7]
Paradoxopsyllus dashidorzhii[7]
Paradoxopsyllus integer[7]
Paradoxopsyllus scorodumovi[7]
Paramonopsyllus scalonae[7]
Pectinoctenus pavlovskii[7]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[7]
Rhadinopsylla dahurica dahurica[7]
Rhadinopsylla dahurica diclinica[7]
Rhadinopsylla li li[7]
Rhadinopsylla li transbaikalica[7]
Rhadinopsylla rothschildi[7]
Taenia tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Relationship between demographics and diet specificity of Imperial Eagles Aquila heliaca in Kazakhstan, TODD E. KATZNER, EVGENY A. BRAGIN, STEVEN T. KNICK & ANDREW T. SMITH, Ibis (2005), 147, 576–586
5Watson, M., & Clarke, R. (2000). Saker falcon diet. Br. Birds, 93, 136-143.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access