Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Ratufa > Ratufa bicolor
 

Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)

Synonyms: Ratufa tennentii

Wikipedia Abstract

The black giant squirrel (or Malayan giant squirrel) (Ratufa bicolor) is a large tree squirrel in the genus Ratufa native to the Indomalayan zootope. It is found in forests from northern Bangladesh, northeast India, eastern Nepal, Bhutan, southern China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Vietnam and western Indonesia.
View Wikipedia Record: Ratufa bicolor

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
35
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.18
EDGE Score: 3.01

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  4.41 lbs (2.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  77 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 11 months
Gestation [1]  32 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Bawangling National Nature Reserve V 10693 Hainan, China  
Budo-Sungai Padi National Park II 84766 Thailand  
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Bukit Kutu Wildlife Reserve IV 4602 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Changshanerhai Nature Reserve V 139448 Yunnan, China  
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Dong Ampham National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 496673 Laos  
Dong Hua Sao National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 236373 Laos  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve V 1245925 Yunnan, China  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Hin Namno National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 214373 Laos  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Khammouane Limestone National Biodiversity Conservation National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 558864 Laos  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Nam Phrai Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Laem Son National Park Marine National Park II 69145 Thailand
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Mu Ko Lanta National Park Marine National Park II 33637 Thailand
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Kading National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 419016 Laos  
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Nam Phoun National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 439874 Laos  
Nam Xam National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 186111 Laos  
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Namtok Yong National Park II 52286 Thailand
Nujiang Nature Reserve   China      
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Phou Xang He National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 285962 Laos  
Phou Xiengthong National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 281641 Laos  
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Phan National Park II 176082 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Xe Bang Nouane National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 322522 Laos  
Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 645271 Laos  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus altissima (false banyan)[2]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[2]
Ficus caulocarpa[2]
Ficus crassiramea[2]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[2]
Ficus cucurbitina[2]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[2]
Ficus dubia[2]
Ficus geniculata[2]
Ficus glaberrima[2]
Ficus globosa[2]
Ficus kerkhoveni[2]
Ficus kurzii[2]
Ficus parietalis[2]
Ficus stricta[2]
Ficus subcordata[2]
Ficus sumatrana[2]
Ficus superba (Sea Fig)[2]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)3
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)3
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)7
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)5
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)3
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)7
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)4
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)7
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)7
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)9
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)7
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)8
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)12
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)6
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)8
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)9
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)4
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)5
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)5
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)9
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)11
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)14
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)14
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)3
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)4
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)13
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)9
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)12
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)4
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)8
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)5
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)5
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)8
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)5
Garrulax leucolophus (White-crested Laughingthrush)4
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)17
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)16
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)3
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)7
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)9
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)17
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)6
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)7
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)7
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)12
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)8
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)3
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)18
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)13
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)8
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)9
Megalaima incognita (Moustached Barbet)3
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)6
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)13
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)8
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)8
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)9
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)5
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)3
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)8
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)11
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)9
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)10
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)4
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)5
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)9
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)8
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)6
Tamiops rodolphii (Cambodian striped squirrel)3
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)5
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)13
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)18
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)3
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)5
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)4
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)6
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)3

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris lumbricoides <Unverified Name>[3]
Brevistriata longipene <Unverified Name>[3]
Litomosoides carinii[3]
Macrostylophora luchunensis[4]
Paraceras hamatum[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 4International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access