Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Spermophilus > Spermophilus pygmaeus

Spermophilus pygmaeus (little ground squirrel)

Wikipedia Abstract

The little ground squirrel or little souslik, (Spermophilus pygmaeus) is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae. It is found mostly in Central Asia east to the Aral Sea. The subspecies include Spermophilus pygmaeus pygmaeus, Spermophilus pygmaeus brauneri, Spermophilus pygmaeus herbicolus and Spermophilus pygmaeus mugosaricus. The Caucasian mountain ground squirrel (Spermophilus musicus) is now considered to be a separate species.
View Wikipedia Record: Spermophilus pygmaeus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.85
EDGE Score: 1.35


Adult Weight [1]  136 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  27 days
Litter Size [1]  7
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No


Aquila heliaca (Eastern Imperial Eagle)[3]
Vulpes corsac (Corsac Fox)[4]


Parasitized by 
Amphipsylla rossica[5]
Citellophilus altaicus[5]
Citellophilus tesquorum ciscaucasicus[5]
Citellophilus tesquorum tesquorum[5]
Citellophilus tesquorum transvolgensis[5]
Citellophilus trispinus[5]
Citellophilus ullus[5]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[5]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[5]
Ctenophthalmus breviatus[5]
Ctenophthalmus dagestanicus[5]
Ctenophthalmus golovi alpestris[5]
Ctenophthalmus golovi golovi[5]
Ctenophthalmus orientalis[5]
Ctenophthalmus pollex[5]
Ctenophthalmus secundus secundus[5]
Frontopsylla chaetophora[5]
Frontopsylla semura[5]
Mesopsylla hebes hebes[5]
Mesopsylla hebes lenis <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesopsylla tuschkan tuschkan[5]
Neopsylla setosa setosa[5]
Nosopsyllus mokrzeckyi[5]
Ophthalmopsylla volgensis volgensis[5]
Oropsylla ilovaiskii[5]
Palaeopsylla osetica[5]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[5]

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Relationship between demographics and diet specificity of Imperial Eagles Aquila heliaca in Kazakhstan, TODD E. KATZNER, EVGENY A. BRAGIN, STEVEN T. KNICK & ANDREW T. SMITH, Ibis (2005), 147, 576–586
45.5 Corsac, Vulpes corsac, A. Poyarkov and N. Ovsyanikov, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access