Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Cricetidae > Cricetus > Cricetus cricetus
 

Cricetus cricetus (black-bellied hamster)

Synonyms: Cricetus cricetus fuscidorsis; Cricetus cricetus latycranius; Cricetus cricetus tauricus; Cricetus cricetus tomensis; Cricetus frumentarius; Cricetus nehringi; Cricetus polychroma; Cricetus vulgaris; Cricetus vulgaris albus; Cricetus vulgaris babylonicus; Cricetus vulgaris canescens; Cricetus vulgaris niger; Cricetus vulgaris rufescens; Cricetus vulgaris stavropolicus; Cricetus vulgaris varius; Hamster nigricans; Heliomys jeudii; Mus cricetus fulvus; Mus cricetus germanicus

Wikipedia Abstract

The European hamster, (Cricetus cricetus), also known as the Eurasian hamster, black-bellied hamster or common hamster, is the only species of the genus Cricetus. It is native to a large range in Eurasia, extending from Belgium to the Altai mountains and Yenisey River in Russia. The animal is widely considered a farmland pest, and has also been trapped for its fur.
View Wikipedia Record: Cricetus cricetus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
30
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 14.26
EDGE Score: 2.72

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.12 lbs (507 g)
Birth Weight [1]  7 grams
Female Maturity [1]  43 days
Male Maturity [1]  56 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  80 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  20 days
Litter Size [1]  7
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  4 years
Weaning [1]  23 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Askaniya-Nova Biosphere Reserve National Biosphere Zapovednik Ia 82608 Ukraine  
Basse vallée du Geer (Bassenge; Juprelle; Oupeye; Visé) 1445 Belgium  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Bruchwiesen bei Bad Tennstedt 57 Germany  
Codru (Kodry) Zapovednik Scientific Reserve Ia   Moldova  
Dolina Pradnika 5387 Poland  
Dolina Rawki 6240 Poland  
Dolina Zwolenki 5879 Poland  
Dolné Považie 88630 Slovakia  
Drei Gleichen 2194 Germany  
Graniczny Meander Odry 387 Poland  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Lampertheimer Altrhein 1297 Germany  
Malé Karpaty 125118 Slovakia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Polzowtal 1276 Germany  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Seeberg - Siebleber Teich 1436 Germany  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
Teverener Heide 1107 Germany  
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Unstrut-Niederung nordöstlich Herbsleben 474 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wurmtal südlich Herzogenrath 1080 Germany  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Predators

Aquila heliaca (Eastern Imperial Eagle)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[4]
Amalaraeus penicilliger[5]
Amphipsylla rossica[6]
Amphipsylla sibirica[5]
Amphipsylla tenuihama[6]
Archaeopsylla erinacei erinacei[6]
Aspiculuris tetraptera <Unverified Name>[4]
Aspiculuris tschertkovi <Unverified Name>[4]
Catenotaenia cricetorum <Unverified Name>[4]
Citellophilus altaicus[6]
Citellophilus simplex simplex[6]
Citellophilus tesquorum[5]
Citellophilus tesquorum transvolgensis[6]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[6]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes bosnicus[6]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes eurous[6]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes kleinschmidtianus[6]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis assimilis[6]
Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus heselhausi[6]
Ctenophthalmus breviatus[6]
Ctenophthalmus congener vicarius[6]
Ctenophthalmus orientalis[6]
Ctenophthalmus pollex[6]
Ctenophthalmus solutus solutus[6]
Echinococcus multilocularis[4]
Ganguleterakis spumosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Gongylonema neoplasticum <Unverified Name>[4]
Heligmosomoides juvenus <Unverified Name>[4]
Heligmosomoides travassosi <Unverified Name>[4]
Hymenolepis horrida[4]
Hymenolepis straminea <Unverified Name>[4]
Hystrichopsylla talpae[5]
Hystrichopsylla talpae talpae[6]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[6]
Mastophorus muris[4]
Megabothris walkeri[6]
Mesopsylla hebes dampfi[6]
Moniliformis moniliformis[4]
Neopsylla mana[5]
Neopsylla pleskei[5]
Neopsylla setosa spinea[6]
Nosopsyllus consimilis[6]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[6]
Oropsylla ilovaiskii[6]
Palaeopsylla soricis[5]
Rodentolepis microstoma <Unverified Name>[4]
Rodentolepis straminea[4]
Taenia crassiceps[4]
Taenia mustelae[4]
Taenia tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[4]
Tetratirotaenia polyacantha <Unverified Name>[4]
Trichocephalus muris <Unverified Name>[4]
Typhloceras poppei poppei[6]
Vampirolepis straminea <Unverified Name>[4]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Erie Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Mulhouse Zoo
Museum de Besancon
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Rotterdam Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3David Horal, Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) in the Czech Republic ACTA ZOOLOGICA BULGARICA, Suppl. 3, 2011: 55-59
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access