Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muridae > Otomys > Otomys irroratus
 

Otomys irroratus (vlei rat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Southern African Vlei Rat (Otomys irroratus) is a species of rodent in the Otomys genus ("vlei rats") of the family Muridae. This is the type species of the genus. The range extends from the far South Western Cape of South Africa, around the southern and eastern coast and adjacent interior, to subtropical regions in southern Natal. This part of its range includes Lesotho. Further north it no longer occurs around the actual coast.
View Wikipedia Record: Otomys irroratus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.72
EDGE Score: 1.91

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  147 grams
Birth Weight [1]  15 grams
Female Maturity [1]  82 days
Male Maturity [1]  3 months 1 day
Gestation [1]  40 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  4
Weaning [1]  13 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Predators

Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)[2]
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)[3]
Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)[3]
Bitis arietans (Puff Adder)[3]
Bubo africanus (Spotted Eagle-Owl)[3]
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[4]
Elanus caeruleus (Black-winged Kite)[3]
Felis silvestris lybica (African wild cat)[3]
Hemachatus haemachatus (Rinkhals, Ring-necked Spitting Cobra, Ringhals)[3]
Ictonyx striatus (Striped Polecat)[3]
Leptailurus serval (Serval)[3]
Lophaetus occipitalis (Long-crested Eagle)[3]
Mellivora capensis (Honey Badger)[3]
Naja nivea (Cape Cobra)[3]
Pseudaspis cana (Mole Snake)[3]
Python sebae (African Rock Python)[3]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[3]
Tyto capensis (Grass Owl)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria hepatica[5]
Chiastopsylla roseinnesi[6]
Chiastopsylla rossi[6]
Ctenophthalmus audax audax[6]
Ctenophthalmus calceatus calceatus[6]
Ctenophthalmus cophurus cophurus[6]
Ctenophthalmus natalensis[6]
Dinopsyllus ellobius[6]
Dinopsyllus foedus[6]
Dinopsyllus longifrons[6]
Hypsophthalmus montivagans[6]
Listropsylla agrippinae[6]
Listropsylla chelura alticola[6]
Listropsylla chelura chelura[6]
Listropsylla fouriei[6]
Listropsylla prominens[6]
Nosopsyllus incisus[6]
Taenia serialis <Unverified Name>[5]
Xiphiopsylla hippia[6]

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Musser G.G., 2004-06-09, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2DIET AND CONSERVATION STATUS OF CAPE CLAWLESS OTTERS IN EASTERN ZIMBABWE, J. R. A. BUTLER and J. T. DU TOIT, IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 11 1995 3Otomys irroratus, G. Bronner, S. Gordon, and J. Meester, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 308, pp. 1-6 (1988) 4Canis mesomelas, Lyle R. Walton and Damien O. Joly, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 715, pp. 1–9 (2003) 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access