Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Cricetidae > Myodes > Myodes glareolus

Myodes glareolus (Bank vole)

Synonyms: Arvicola fulvus; Arvicola pratensis; Arvicola riparia; Clethrionomys glareolus; Clethrionomys glareolus insulaebellae; Evotomys alstoni; Evotomys caesarius; Evotomys erica; Evotomys glareolus intermedius; Evotomys glareolus istericus; Evotomys glareolus italicus; Evotomys glareolus jurassicus; Evotomys glareolus ognevi; Evotomys glareolus reinwaldti; Evotomys glareolus ruttneri; Evotomys glareolus saianicus; Evotomys glareolus sobrus; Evotomys glareolus wasjuganensis; Evotomys gorka; Evotomys hercynicus britannicus; Evotomys hercynicus helveticus; Evotomys hercynicus suecicus; Evotomys nageri hallucalis; Evotomys nageri vesanus; Evotomys norvegicus; Evotomys ponticus; Evotomys skomerensis; Evotomys vasconiae; Hypudacus hercynicus; Hypudaeus nageri; Lemmus arvalis; Lemmus pratensis; Lemmus rubidus; Mus rutilus minor; Myodes bicolor

Wikipedia Abstract

The bank vole (Myodes glareolus; formerly Clethrionomys glareolus) is a small vole with red-brown fur and some grey patches, with a tail about half as long as its body. A rodent, it lives in woodland areas and is around 100 millimetres (3.9 in) in length. The bank vole is found in western Europe and northern Asia. It is native to Great Britain but not to Ireland, where it has been accidentally introduced, and has now colonised much of the south and southwest.
View Wikipedia Record: Myodes glareolus


Adult Weight [1]  21 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Female Maturity [1]  47 days
Male Maturity [1]  72 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  20 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  5 years
Weaning [1]  20 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Alta Valsesia e Valli Otro, Vogna, Gronda, Artogna e Sorba 46789 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Babia Góra National Park II 4492 Poland
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Bideford Bay Biosphere Reserve   England, United Kingdom
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Codru (Kodry) Zapovednik Scientific Reserve Ia   Moldova  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico 173952 Italy  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Kostomukshsky Zapovednik Ia 117269 Karelia, Russia
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Monte Paratiello 2790 Italy  
Monticchie 588 Italy  
Moor House-Upper Teesdale Biosphere Reserve 18254 England, United Kingdom
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
North Norfolk Coast Biosphere Reserve   England, United Kingdom      
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Parc National Suisse National Park Ia   Switzerland
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po 2241 Italy  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Retezat National Park II 94183 Romania
Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole 2916 Italy  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Taynish National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Triglav National Park II   Slovenia
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Lasius niger (Black garden ant)[3]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anguis fragilis (Slow Worm)1
Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)1
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)1
Bison bonasus (European bison)1
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)1
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)1
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)1
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)1
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)1
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)1
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)1
Dendrocopos medius (Middle Spotted Woodpecker)1
Dryocopus martius (Black Woodpecker)1
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)2
Glis glis (fat dormouse)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)1
Meles meles (European Badger)1
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)1
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Picus canus (Grey-headed Woodpecker)1
Picus viridis (European Green Woodpecker)1
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)1
Saxicola rubetra (Whinchat)1
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)1
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)1
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Talpa europaea (European Mole)1
Troglodytes troglodytes (Eurasian Wren)1
Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)1
Zootoca vivipara louislantzi (Viviparous Lizard)1


Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)[3]
Aegolius funereus funereus (Boreal owl)[4]
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)[3]
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[3]
Athene noctua (Little Owl)[3]
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)[3]
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[5]
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)[3]
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[3]
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)[3]
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[3]
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)[3]
Martes foina (Beech Marten)[3]
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)[3]
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)[3]
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)[3]
Mustela erminea (Ermine)[3]
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)[3]
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)[3]
Neovison vison (American Mink)[5]
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)[3]
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)[5]
Sus scrofa (wild boar)[3]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)[6]


Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[7]
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[7]
Amalaraeus arvicolae[8]
Amalaraeus penicilliger[5]
Amalaraeus penicilliger kratochvili[8]
Amalaraeus penicilliger mustelae[8]
Amalaraeus penicilliger pedias[8]
Amalaraeus penicilliger pyrenaicus[8]
Amalaraeus penicilliger vallis[8]
Amphalius runatus runatus[8]
Amphipsylla rossica[8]
Amphipsylla sibirica[5]
Amphipsylla sibirica hetera[8]
Amphipsylla sibirica sepifera[8]
Anoplocephaloides dentata <Unverified Name>[7]
Aonchotheca annulosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Aonchotheca murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[7]
Aprostatandrya caucasica <Unverified Name>[7]
Aprostatandrya macrocephala <Unverified Name>[7]
Aprostatandrya microti <Unverified Name>[7]
Armocapillaria sadovskoi <Unverified Name>[7]
Aspiculuris dinniki <Unverified Name>[7]
Aspiculuris tetraptera <Unverified Name>[7]
Atyphloceras nuperus[8]
Baylisascaris devosi <Unverified Name>[7]
Brachylaima recurva <Unverified Name>[7]
Calodium hepaticum <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria annulosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria bacillata <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria hepatica[7]
Capillaria murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[7]
Catenotaenia cricetorum <Unverified Name>[7]
Catenotaenia dendritica <Unverified Name>[7]
Catenotaenia henttoneni <Unverified Name>[7]
Catenotaenia pusilla <Unverified Name>[7]
Ceratophyllus rusticus[8]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[8]
Ceratophyllus styx styx[8]
Citellophilus martinoi martinoi[8]
Cladotaenia cylindracea <Unverified Name>[7]
Cladotaenia globifera[7]
Corrigia vitta <Unverified Name>[7]
Corrodopsylla birulai[5]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes agyrtes[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes bosnicus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes cultur[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes eurous[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes fennicus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes graecus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes impavidus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes kleinschmidtianus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes peusianus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes provincialis[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes romanicus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes serbicus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes smitianus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes verbanus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes wagnerianus[8]
Ctenophthalmus andorrensis andorrensis[8]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis assimilis[8]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis bernhardus[8]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis erectus[8]
Ctenophthalmus baeticus arvernus[8]
Ctenophthalmus baeticus boisseauorum[8]
Ctenophthalmus bifidatus bifidatus[8]
Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus[5]
Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus bisoctodentatus[8]
Ctenophthalmus bureschi bureschi[8]
Ctenophthalmus capriciosus bychowskyi[8]
Ctenophthalmus capriciosus capriciosus[8]
Ctenophthalmus congener congener[8]
Ctenophthalmus egregius egregius[8]
Ctenophthalmus niethammeri niethammeri[8]
Ctenophthalmus nivalis cervinus[8]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis[5]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis dobyi[8]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis nobilis[8]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis vulgaris[8]
Ctenophthalmus obtusus[8]
Ctenophthalmus orphilus orphilus[8]
Ctenophthalmus proximus[8]
Ctenophthalmus secundus asiaticus[8]
Ctenophthalmus solutus nasutus[8]
Ctenophthalmus solutus solutus[8]
Ctenophthalmus ubayensis[8]
Ctenophthalmus ubayensis ianlinni[8]
Ctenophthalmus uncinatus koshanini[8]
Ctenophthalmus uncinatus uncinatus[8]
Cysticercus longicollis <Unverified Name>[7]
Cysticercus pisiformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Cysticercus taeniae <Unverified Name>[7]
Cysticercus talpae <Unverified Name>[7]
Dilepis undula[7]
Doratopsylla dasycnema[5]
Doratopsylla dasycnema cuspis[8]
Doratopsylla dasycnema dasycnema[8]
Echinococcus multilocularis[7]
Frontopsylla elata glabra[8]
Frontopsylla elata pilosa[8]
Gallegoides arfaai <Unverified Name>[7]
Gongylonema problematicum <Unverified Name>[7]
Heligmosomoides glareoli <Unverified Name>[7]
Heligmosomoides kratochvili <Unverified Name>[7]
Heligmosomoides laevis <Unverified Name>[7]
Heligmosomoides polygyrus[7]
Heligmosomum borealis <Unverified Name>[7]
Heligmosomum costellatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Heligmosomum glareoli <Unverified Name>[7]
Heligmosomum mixtum <Unverified Name>[7]
Heligmosomum skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Hepaticola hepatica <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis asymmetrica <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis diminuta <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis horrida[7]
Hystrichopsylla orientalis[8]
Hystrichopsylla talpae[5]
Hystrichopsylla talpae talpae[8]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[8]
Leptopsylla taschenbergi taschenbergi[8]
Mastophorus muris[7]
Mediogonimus jourdanei <Unverified Name>[7]
Megabothris turbidus[8]
Megabothris walkeri[8]
Mesocestoides leptothylacus <Unverified Name>[7]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Neopsylla acanthina[5]
Neopsylla mana[5]
Neopsylla pleskei[5]
Neopsylla setosa[5]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[5]
Notocotylus noyeri <Unverified Name>[7]
Notocotylus seineti[7]
Notocotylus wetlugensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Palaeopsylla kohauti[8]
Palaeopsylla minor[8]
Palaeopsylla similis similis[8]
Palaeopsylla soricis[5]
Palaeopsylla soricis rosickyi[8]
Palaeopsylla soricis scobina[8]
Palaeopsylla soricis soricis[8]
Palaeopsylla soricis starki[8]
Paraneopsylla tiflovi[8]
Paranoplocephala blanchardi <Unverified Name>[7]
Paranoplocephala dentata <Unverified Name>[7]
Paranoplocephala gracilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Paranoplocephala kalelai <Unverified Name>[7]
Paranoplocephala omphalodes <Unverified Name>[7]
Paruterina candelabraria <Unverified Name>[7]
Pelodera strongyloides[7]
Peromyscopsylla bidentata[5]
Peromyscopsylla bidentata bidentata[8]
Peromyscopsylla bidentata gervasii[8]
Peromyscopsylla fallax[8]
Peromyscopsylla silvatica[8]
Peromyscopsylla spectabilis spectabilis[8]
Plagiorchis arvicolae <Unverified Name>[7]
Plagiorchis elegans[7]
Plagiorchis vespertilionis[7]
Posterocirrus clethrionomi <Unverified Name>[7]
Protospirura muris <Unverified Name>[7]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[8]
Rhadinopsylla bureschi[8]
Rhadinopsylla integella[8]
Rhadinopsylla isacantha[8]
Rhadinopsylla li murium[8]
Rhadinopsylla mesa[8]
Rhadinopsylla mesoides[8]
Rhadinopsylla pentacantha[8]
Rictularia baicalensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Rictularia proni[7]
Rodentolepis asymmetrica <Unverified Name>[7]
Rodentolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[7]
Skrjabinotaenia lobata <Unverified Name>[7]
Stenoponia ivanovi[5]
Stenoponia tripectinata[5]
Strobilocercus fasciolaris <Unverified Name>[7]
Syphacia montana <Unverified Name>[7]
Syphacia obvelata[7]
Syphacia petrusewiczi <Unverified Name>[7]
Syphacia stroma <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia crassiceps[7]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia intermedia <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia mustelae[7]
Taenia pisiformis[7]
Taenia polyacantha[7]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[7]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata[5]
Tetratirotaenia martis <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetratirotaenia polyacantha <Unverified Name>[7]
Thominx sadovskoi <Unverified Name>[7]
Toxocara canis[7]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[7]
Trichocephalus muris <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[7]
Trichostrongylus retortaeformis[7]
Trichuris arvicolae <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichuris muris <Unverified Name>[7]
Vampirolepis ampla <Unverified Name>[7]
Vampirolepis asymmetrica <Unverified Name>[7]
Vampirolepis nana <Unverified Name>[7]
Vampirolepis straminea <Unverified Name>[7]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Museum de Besancon
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Ranua Wildlife Park




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Ecology of Commanster
4Prey choice of Tengmalm's owls (Aegolius funereus funereus): preference for substandard individuals?, Vesa Koivunen, Erkki Korpimäki, Harri Hakkarainen, and Kai Norrdahl, Can. J. Zool. 74: 816-823 (1996)
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Food habits of Zamenis longissimus (Laurenti, 1768) (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae) in Bieszczady (south-eastern Poland), BARTŁOMIEJ NAJBAR, Vertebrate Zoology 57 (1) 2007, 73-77
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access