Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Soricomorpha > Solenodontidae > Solenodon > Solenodon paradoxus
 

Solenodon paradoxus (Hispaniolan Solenodon; Haitian solenodon)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Hispaniolan solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus), also known as the Dominican solenodon, Haitian solenodon or agouta, is a solenodon found only on Hispaniola, the island shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic. It was first described by Brandt in 1833. A similar but smaller species, Marcano's solenodon (S. marcanoi), once lived on the island, but became extinct after European colonization. All solenodon species belong to order Soricomorpha and family Solenodontidae.
View Wikipedia Record: Solenodon paradoxus

Infraspecies

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Solenodon paradoxus

EDGE Analysis

Resembling an overgrown shrew, the ancestors of this West Indian insectivore diverged from all other living mammal groups an incredible 76 million years ago. It is one of only a few species of mammal capable of producing toxic saliva, which it injects into its prey through special grooves in its incisors. Before European colonisation of Hispaniola, the species was one of the dominant predators on the island. As a result it has never evolved any ¬Ďanti-predator¬í defences. A slow, clumsy mover, it is poorly equipped to defend itself against introduced predators such as dogs, cats and mongooses.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
31
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
85
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 61.54
EDGE Score: 6.22
View EDGE Record: Solenodon paradoxus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.20 lbs (1.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  100 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  50 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  12 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  75 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. Yes

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access