Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Erinaceomorpha > Erinaceidae > Atelerix > Atelerix albiventris

Atelerix albiventris (Four-toed Hedgehog)

Wikipedia Abstract

The four-toed hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris), or African pygmy hedgehog, is a species of hedgehog found throughout much of central and eastern Africa. Populations tend to be scattered between suitable savannah or cropland habitats, avoiding forested areas. The species common name is derived from the number of toes found on its rear feet. Due to its extensive range and stable wild population, the species is rated as least concern by the IUCN. There are no universally agreed subspecies of A. albiventris.
View Wikipedia Record: Atelerix albiventris

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.8
EDGE Score: 2.62


Adult Weight [1]  1.32 lbs (600 g)
Birth Weight [1]  10 grams
Female Maturity [1]  84 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  30 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  35 days
Litter Size [1]  6
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  44 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No

Prey / Diet

Amietophrynus regularis (African Common Toad)[3]
Anaxyrus americanus (American Toad)[3]
Anaxyrus boreas (Western Toad)[3]
Anaxyrus quercicus (Oak Toad)[3]
Anaxyrus terrestris (Southern Toad)[3]
Anaxyrus woodhousii (Woodhouse's Toad)[3]
Incilius alvarius (Colorado River Toad)[3]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[3]
Steatomys pratensis (fat mouse)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)1
Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)1
Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground Hornbill)1
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)1
Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia (Herald Snake, Red-lipped Snake)1
Dendroaspis polylepis (Black Mamba)1
Eupodotis senegalensis (White-bellied Bustard)1
Glaucidium perlatum (Pearl-spotted Owlet)1
Haliaeetus vocifer (African Fish Eagle)1
Helogale parvula (Common Dwarf Mongoose)1
Leptailurus serval (Serval)1
Leptoptilos crumeniferus (Marabou Stork)1
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)1
Necrosyrtes monachus (Hooded Vulture)1
Otocyon megalotis (Bat-eared Fox)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)1
Panthera pardus (Leopard)1
Poecilogale albinucha (African Striped Weasel)1
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Psammophis angolensis (Dwarf Sand Snake)1
Tachybaptus ruficollis (Little Grebe)1
Torgos tracheliotus (lappet-faced vulture)1
Varanus niloticus (Nile Monitor, Water Leguaan)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1


Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)[4]
Bubo lacteus (Verreaux's Eagle-Owl)[5]
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[4]
Mellivora capensis (Honey Badger)[5]


Parasitized by 
Ctenocephalides felis felis[6]
Mathevotaenia herpestis <Unverified Name>[7]
Synosternus pallidus[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Akron Zoological Park
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Amazon World
Audubon Zoo
Bergen County Zoological Park
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Birmingham Nature Centre
Birmingham Zoo
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Boonshoft Museum of Discovery
Bramble Park Zoo
Brandywine Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Caldwell Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Capron Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Central Park Zoo
Chahinkapa Zoo
Charles Paddock Zoo
Chicago Zoological Park
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Columbian Park Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Copenhagen Zoo
Cosley Zoo
Coyote Point Museum
Dakota Zoo
Dallas Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dickerson Park Zoo
Disney's Animal Kingdom
El Paso Zoo
Ellen Trout Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardens
Forest Park Zoological Society
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Plains Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Happy Hollow Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
Indianapolis Zoo
Inokashira Park Zoo
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
Kansas City Zoo
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Mesker Park Zoo
Mill Mountain Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moonridge Animal Park
Moulton College
Museum of Science - Live Animal Center
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oakland Zoo
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Potawatomi Zoo
Pueblo Zoo
Racine Zoological Gardens
Randers Regnskov
Reid Park Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rodbaston College
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Sacramento Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Ana Zoo
Scovill Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Shaldon Wildlife Trust
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Sofia Zoological Gardens
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Sunset Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Tennessee Aquarium
Texas Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Naples Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Topeka Zoological Park
Tropical Butterfly House
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Utica Zoo
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Wildlife World Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Boise
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
4The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494
5Atelerix albiventris (Erinaceomorpha: Erinaceidae), ERICA M. SANTANA, HOLLY E. JANTZ, AND TROY L. BEST, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(857):99–110 (2010)
6International Flea Database
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access