Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Soricomorpha > Soricidae > Crocidura > Crocidura russula
 

Crocidura russula (white-toothed shrew; Greater White-toothed Shrew)

Wikipedia Abstract

The greater white-toothed shrew (Crocidura russula) is a small insectivorous mammal found in Europe and North Africa. It is the most common of the white-toothed shrews. This species is found along the Mediterranean, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Portugal; in addition, the Osorio shrew of the Canary island of Gran Canaria, originally described as a separate species (Crocidura osorio), was later discovered to be a population of introduced greater white-toothed shrew. Its preferred habitats are grassland and woodland. It is slightly larger than the lesser white-toothed shrew but otherwise very similar, and can often be distinguished only by close inspection of its teeth which are unpigmented.
View Wikipedia Record: Crocidura russula

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
10
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.21
EDGE Score: 1.44

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  12 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1 grams
Female Maturity [1]  75 days
Male Maturity [1]  75 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  29 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  4 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  23 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
Calamocarro-Benzú 1487 Spain  
DESIERTO DE TABERNAS 28326 Spain  
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Paul do Boquilobo Biosphere Reserve Nature Reserve IV 1352 Portugal  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
TORCAL DE ANTEQUERA 4954 Spain  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Predators

Coronella girondica (Southern Smooth Snake)[3]
Elanus caeruleus (Black-winged Kite)[4]
Vipera latastei (Lataste’s Viper)[5]
Zamenis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amalaraeus penicilliger mustelae[7]
Aonchotheca europaea <Unverified Name>[8]
Brachylaima simoni <Unverified Name>[8]
Calodium soricicola <Unverified Name>[8]
Calodium splenaecum <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria europaea <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria exigua <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria incrassata <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria soricicola <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria splenacea <Unverified Name>[8]
Cladotaenia globifera[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes impavidus[7]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes sardiniensis[7]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes smitianus[7]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes verbanus[7]
Ctenophthalmus andorrensis veletensis[7]
Ctenophthalmus apertus apertus[7]
Ctenophthalmus baeticus baeticus[7]
Ctenophthalmus baeticus boisseauorum[7]
Ctenophthalmus congener congener[7]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis nobilis[7]
Ctenophthalmus proximus[7]
Ctenophthalmus russulae[7]
Ctenophthalmus russulae galloibericus[7]
Ctenophthalmus russulae russulae[7]
Doratopsylla dasycnema cuspis[7]
Doratopsylla dasycnema dasycnema[7]
Doratopsylla dasycnema giloti[7]
Frontopsylla ambigua[7]
Gongylonema soricis <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis biliaris <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis bursatae <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis dodecacantha <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis nana <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis pistillum <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis prolifer <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis raillieti <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis scalaris <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis scutigera <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis tiara <Unverified Name>[8]
Hystrichopsylla talpae ibera[7]
Hystrichopsylla talpae riouxi[7]
Hystrichopsylla talpae talpae[7]
Leptopsylla algira algira[7]
Leptopsylla algira serveti[7]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[7]
Leptopsylla sexdentata[7]
Liniscus incrassatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Longistriata baeri <Unverified Name>[8]
Longistriata confusa <Unverified Name>[8]
Longistriata pseudodidas <Unverified Name>[8]
Maritrema feliui <Unverified Name>[8]
Neoskrjabinolepis singularis <Unverified Name>[8]
Nephrotrema truncatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Nippostrongylus muris <Unverified Name>[8]
Nosopsyllus medus[7]
Nosopsyllus sincerus[7]
Palaeopsylla soricis soricis[7]
Paracrenosoma combesi <Unverified Name>[8]
Parastrongyloides winchesi <Unverified Name>[8]
Platynosomum soricis <Unverified Name>[8]
Postorchigenes gymnesicus <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudhymenolepis redonica <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudoleucochloridium soricis <Unverified Name>[8]
Rhadinopsylla concava[7]
Stammerinema rhopalocephala <Unverified Name>[8]
Staphylocystis pistillum <Unverified Name>[8]
Stenoponia tripectinata tripectinata[7]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[8]
Typhloceras favosum asunicum[7]
Typhloceras favosum claramuntae[7]
Typhloceras favosum favosum[7]
Typhloceras favosum rolandi[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Museum de Besancon

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Geographic variation in the diet composition of a secretive Mediterranean colubrid snake: Coronella girondica from Spain and Italy, Luca Luiselli, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Massimo Capula, Carmen Villafranca, Ital. J. Zool., 68: 57-60 (2001)
4COMMUNAL ROOSTING AND DIET OF BLACK-SHOULDERED KITES (ELANUS CAERULEUS) WINTERING IN SOUTHWESTERN SPAIN, Deseada Parejo, Jesús M. Avilés, Juan J. Ferrero, Domingo Rivera and José M. Casas, J Raptor Res. 35(2):162-164 (2001)
5Prey availability drives geographic dietary differences of a Mediterranean predator, the Lataste’s viper (Vipera latastei), Xavier Santos, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, José C. Brito, Gustavo A. Llorente, Xavier Parellada & Soumia Fahd, HERPETOLOGICAL JOURNAL 18: 16–22, 2008
6Correlates between morphology, diet and foraging mode in the Ladder Snake Rhinechis scalaris (Schinz, 1822), Juan M. Pleguezuelos , Juan R. Fernández-Cardenete , Santiago Honrubia , Mónica Feriche , Carmen Villafranca, Contributions to Zoology, 76 (3) – 2007
7International Flea Database
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access