Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Soricomorpha > Soricidae > Crocidura > Crocidura suaveolens
 

Crocidura suaveolens (Lesser White-toothed Shrew; lesser shrew)

Synonyms: Crocidura gueldenstaedtii

Wikipedia Abstract

The Gueldenstaedt's shrew (Crocidura gueldenstaedtii) is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia (country), Greece, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Taiwan, Turkey, and Uzbekistan.
View Wikipedia Record: Crocidura suaveolens

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
16
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.18
EDGE Score: 1.82

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  8 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1 grams
Female Maturity [1]  5 months 25 days
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  27 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  3 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  25 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Babia Góra National Park II 4492 Poland
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Beskid Slaski 65261 Poland  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Bosco Fontana 583 Italy  
Bukovské vrchy 106836 Slovakia  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Castelnuovo Bocca d'Adda 408 Italy  
Cerová vrchovina a Rimavská kotlina 76986 Slovakia  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
Dolina Lachy 2449 Poland  
Dolina Ploni i Jezioro Miedwie 51289 Poland  
Dolina Pradnika 5387 Poland  
EKVOLES (DELTA) PINEIOU 2233 Greece  
EKVOLES EVROTA 13269 Greece  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Grigne 17695 Italy  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Isola Boscone 343 Italy  
Isola Maria Luigia 1374 Italy  
KENTRIKO ZAGORI KAI ANATOLIKO TMIMA OROUS MITSIKELI 131974 Greece  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 131864 Greece  
LIMNI IOANNINON 6647 Greece  
LIMNI STYMFALIA 3234 Greece  
LIMNOTHALASSA KALOGRIAS, DASOS STROFYLIAS KAI ELOS LAMIAS, ARAXOS 8732 Greece  
LIMNOTHALASSA PYLOU (DIVARI) KAI NISOS SFAKTIRIA, AGIOS DIMITRIOS 8777 Greece  
La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells 3747 Spain    
La Rocchetta 220 Italy  
Lago di Viverone 2288 Italy  
Lanca di Gussola 376 Italy  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Monte Paratiello 2790 Italy  
Monticchie 588 Italy  
NISOI SAPIENTZA KAI SCHIZA, AKROTIRIO AKRITAS 27903 Greece  
OLYMPIA 778 Greece  
ORI KENTRIKIS EVVOIAS, PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES 97133 Greece  
ORI VARDOUSIA 47873 Greece  
OROS MAINALO 56026 Greece  
OROS OLYMPOS 47295 Greece  
OROS VARDOUSIA 61255 Greece  
Oasi di Crava Morozzo 739 Italy  
Ostoja Olsztynsko-Mirowska 5463 Poland  
PRASSANO FARANGI - PATSOS - SFAKORYAKO REMA - PARALIA RETHYMNOU KAI EKVOLI GEROPOTAMOU, AKR. LIANOS 32424 Greece    
Paludi di Ostiglia 304 Italy  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Regionale Campo dei Fiori 3207 Italy  
Parco Regionale Oglio Sud 9941 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Parma Morta 1485 Italy  
Pieniny 5773 Poland  
Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po 2241 Italy  
Po di Corte S. Andrea 334 Italy  
Po di Monticelli Pavese e Chignolo Po 719 Italy  
Po di Pieve Porto Morone 82 Italy  
Po di San Rocco al Porto 326 Italy  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Reserve de la Biosphere d'Iroise Biosphere Reserve IV 118 France  
Riserva Regionale Bosco Ronchetti 741 Italy  
Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole 2916 Italy  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Senna Lodigiana 808 Italy  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Slanské vrchy 157675 Slovakia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Spinadesco 2567 Italy  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Strážovské vrchy 147080 Slovakia  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Sárvíz völgye 19301 Hungary  
THINES KAI PARALIAKO DASOS ZACHAROS, LIMNI KAIAFA, STROFYLIA, KAKOVATOS 8091 Greece  
Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve 47993 China  
Torbiere d'Iseo 895 Italy  
Torrente Orba 1250 Italy  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
VOREIA CHIOS 80479 Greece  
VOREIA CHIOS KAI NISOI OINOUSSES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI 85029 Greece  
VOUNA EVROU 104705 Greece  
Vallazza 1310 Italy  
Valli del Mincio 4814 Italy  
Vallona di Loreo 158 Italy  
Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia 17848 Italy  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
YGROTOPOS EKVOLON KALAMA KAI NISOS PRASOUDI 21108 Greece  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Predators

Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[3]
Athene noctua (Little Owl)[3]
Martes foina (Beech Marten)[4]
Pseudopus apodus (Armored glass lizard)[5]
Strix butleri (Hume's Owl)[6]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[7]
Amphipsylla rossica[8]
Brachylaima fulvus <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria europaea <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria exigua <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria incrassata <Unverified Name>[7]
Cladotaenia circi <Unverified Name>[7]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes bosnicus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes impavidus[8]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis assimilis[8]
Ctenophthalmus congener vicarius[8]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis nobilis[8]
Ctenophthalmus orientalis[8]
Ctenophthalmus russulae russulae[8]
Ctenophthalmus solutus solutus[8]
Doratopsylla dasycnema cuspis[8]
Frontopsylla elata elata[8]
Gongylonema pulchrum[7]
Hepaticola soricicola <Unverified Name>[7]
Hilmylepis prokopici <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis brusatae <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis bursatae <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis raillieti <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis tiara <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis uncinata <Unverified Name>[7]
Hystrichopsylla orientalis guentheri[8]
Hystrichopsylla talpae talpae[8]
Leptopsylla algira scopolii[8]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[8]
Longistriata confusa <Unverified Name>[7]
Longistriata depressa[7]
Lyperosomum danubica <Unverified Name>[7]
Lyperosomum soricis <Unverified Name>[7]
Megabothris walkeri[8]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Metorchis albidus[7]
Molluscotaenia crassiscolex <Unverified Name>[7]
Neoglyphe locellus <Unverified Name>[7]
Neopsylla specialis minpiensis[8]
Neoskrjabinolepis schaldybini <Unverified Name>[7]
Neoskrjabinolepis singularis <Unverified Name>[7]
Nephrotrema truncatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Nosopsyllus consimilis[8]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[8]
Palaeopsylla nippon[8]
Palaeopsylla soricis soricis[8]
Paracrenosoma kontrimavichusi <Unverified Name>[7]
Parastrongyloides winchesi <Unverified Name>[7]
Pharyngostomum cordatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Physocephalus sexalatus[7]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[7]
Pseudhymenolepis crociduri <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudhymenolepis nepalensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudhymenolepis redonica <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudhymenolepis spasskii <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudoleucochloridium soricis <Unverified Name>[7]
Spirometra erinacei-europaei <Unverified Name>[7]
Staphylocystis brusatae <Unverified Name>[7]
Staphylocystis furcata <Unverified Name>[7]
Staphylocystis loossi <Unverified Name>[7]
Staphylocystis minusculus <Unverified Name>[7]
Staphylocystis sosninae <Unverified Name>[7]
Staphylocystis tiara <Unverified Name>[7]
Syphacia obvelata[7]
Taenia mustelae[7]
Thominx oesophagicola <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[7]
Typhloceras favosum rolandi[8]
Vampirolepis jacobsoni <Unverified Name>[7]
Vampirolepis magnirostellata <Unverified Name>[7]
Vampirolepis tsushimaensis <Unverified Name>[7]

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Contribution to the study of the diet of four owl species (Aves, Strigiformes) from mainland and island areas of Greece, Haralambos Alivizatos, Vassilis Goutner and Stamatis Zogaris, Belg. J. Zool., 135 (2) : 109-118
4Dimitrios E. Bakaloudis, Christos G. Vlachos, Malamati A. Papakosta, Vasileios A. Bontzorlos, and Evangelos N. Chatzinikos, Diet Composition and Feeding Strategies of the Stone Marten (Martes foina) in a Typical Mediterranean Ecosystem The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, Article ID 163920, 11 pages, 2012
5Pseudopus apodus (PALLAS, 1775) from Jordan, with notes on its ecology (Sqamata: Sauria: Anguidae), LINA RIFAI & MOHAMMAD ABU BAKER & DARWEESH AL SHAFEI & AHMAD DISI & AHMAD MAHASNEH & ZUHAIR AMR, HERPETOZOA 18 (3/4): 133 - 140, Dezember 2005
6Diet of the Omani Owl, Strix butleri, near Nakhal, Oman. Zool. Middle East 62(1): 17–20.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access