Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Alytidae > Alytes > Alytes cisternasii

Alytes cisternasii (Midwife toad)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Iberian midwife toad or brown midwife toad (Alytes cisternasii, in Spanish sapo partero ibérico) is a species of frog in the family Alytidae (formerly Discoglossidae) found in Portugal and western Spain. It is typically found in open habitats such as meadows and open oak forests. Habitat loss is one of the threats to its survival.
View Wikipedia Record: Alytes cisternasii

EDGE Analysis

The Iberian midwife toad is found in Portugal and Spain, and diverged from all other species of midwife toad ten million years before the divergence of chimps and humans. It is one of just five species displaying remarkable parental care in which the males carry strings of eggs wrapped around their hind legs for a month or more, keeping them protected and moist until they are ready to hatch. The Iberian midwife toad is highly terrestrial, and has many behaviours which adapt it to its dry environment such as tunnelling underground using its forelimbs. It is feared that the chytrid fungus poses a future threat to this species.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 79.86
EDGE Score: 5.09
View EDGE Record: Alytes cisternasii


Adult Weight [1]  6.1 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Litter Size [1]  120
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  2.0 inches (5 cm)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
Monchique 187820 Portugal  
Paul do Boquilobo Biosphere Reserve Nature Reserve IV 1352 Portugal  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Yes


Parasitized by 
Leptophallus nigrovenosus <Unverified Name>[2]

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access