Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Alytidae > Alytes > Alytes cisternasii
 

Alytes cisternasii (Midwife toad)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Iberian Midwife Toad or Sapo Partero Ibérico (Alytes cisternasii) is a species of frog in the Discoglossidae family. It is found in Portugal and Spain. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, intermittent rivers, intermittent freshwater marshes, pastureland, and aquaculture ponds. It is threatened by habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Alytes cisternasii

EDGE Analysis

The Iberian midwife toad is found in Portugal and Spain, and diverged from all other species of midwife toad ten million years before the divergence of chimps and humans. It is one of just five species displaying remarkable parental care in which the males carry strings of eggs wrapped around their hind legs for a month or more, keeping them protected and moist until they are ready to hatch. The Iberian midwife toad is highly terrestrial, and has many behaviours which adapt it to its dry environment such as tunnelling underground using its forelimbs. It is feared that the chytrid fungus poses a future threat to this species.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
41
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
67
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 79.86
EDGE Score: 5.09
View EDGE Record: Alytes cisternasii

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
Monchique 187820 Portugal  
Paul do Boquilobo Biosphere Reserve Nature Reserve IV 1352 Portugal  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Yes

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Leptophallus nigrovenosus <Unverified Name>[1]

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access