Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Alytidae > Alytes > Alytes muletensis

Alytes muletensis (Mallorcan midwife toad)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Majorcan midwife toad (also Mallorcan midwife toad or ferreret in Balearic Catalan and Spanish) is a frog in the family Alytidae (formerly Discoglossidae). It is endemic to the Balearic Island of Majorca in the Mediterranean Sea. An example of Lazarus taxon, the species was first described from fossil remains in 1977, but living animals were discovered in 1979.
View Wikipedia Record: Alytes muletensis

EDGE Analysis

The Mallorcan midwife toad is part of an ancient lineage of amphibians, diverging from all others 155 million years ago. First identified from fossils that formed up to 5 million years ago in mainland Europe, this species was believed to have been extinct for over 2,000 years. In 1977 it was discovered in the inaccessible limestone canyons of northern Mallorca – a true “living fossil”. Males care strings of eggs produced by the female wrapped around their hind legs for a month or more prior to hatching. The wild population of this is now increasing due to extensive captive breeding initiatives initiated in 1988. Current threats include non-native species, disease and diminishing water resources.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 79.86
EDGE Score: 5.78
View EDGE Record: Alytes muletensis


Adult Weight [1]  2.31 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Litter Size [1]  14
Litters / Year [1]  1
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  1.6 inches (4 cm)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cimals de la Serra 17921 Spain  
Costa Brava de Mallorca 20708 Spain    
Es Binis 69 Spain  
Moncaire 615 Spain  
Muntanyes de Pollença 7333 Spain  
Sa Costera 1946 Spain  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Yes

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
North of England Zoological Society
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access