Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Alytidae > Alytes > Alytes obstetricans
 

Alytes obstetricans (Olive midwife toad)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common midwife toad, Alytes obstetricans, is a species of midwife frog in the family Alytidae (formerly Discoglossidae).It is found in Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom (although, in the latter, only as an introduction).
View Wikipedia Record: Alytes obstetricans

EDGE Analysis

The common midwife toad is in fact a warty frog, and spends most of its time on land. Its warts produce a potent poison to protect itself from would-be predators, and it is nocturnal and lives in burrows to avoid drying out. It is named after its unusual breeding behaviour, in which the males carry strings of eggs wrapped around their hind legs for several weeks, keeping them moist until ready to hatch. Midwife toads began to evolve independently of all other modern day species about five million years before birds appear in the fossil record. The common midwife toad has a wide range in Europe but, like so many other amphibian species, has suffered population extinctions at the hands of the devastating chytrid fungus.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
41
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
56
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 79.86
EDGE Score: 4.39
View EDGE Record: Alytes obstetricans

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  13.4 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Litter Size [1]  112
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  2.2 inches (5.5 cm)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ALTO CINCA 36250 Spain  
Adolfsburg - Bornberg - Sülzenberg 366 Germany  
Basaltsteinbrüche Hühnerberg und Eudenberg / Tongrube Eudenbach 356 Germany  
Bassin du Samson (Andenne; Assesse; Gesves; Namur; Ohey) 3069 Belgium  
Beretal mit Seitentälern 2639 Germany  
Bleicheröder Berge 3146 Germany  
Bois d'Anthisnes et d'Esneux (Anthisnes; Comblain-au-Pont; Esneux; Nandrin; Neupré; Ouffet) 2239 Belgium  
Bois d'Arpes et de l'Hôpital (Nivelles; Seneffe) 342 Belgium  
Bois de Famenne à Humain et Aye (Marche-en-Famenne) 1337 Belgium  
Bois de la Houssière (Braine-le-Comte; Ittre) 1775 Belgium  
Burgberg, Heinsener Klippen, Rühler Schweiz 6662 Germany  
CUENCA DE GALLOCANTA 38287 Spain  
Coteaux calcaires de Theux et le Rocheux (Theux) 170 Belgium  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO JALÓN 41432 Spain  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
Dörnaer Platz 366 Germany  
EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS 60101 Spain  
ESTEPAS DE BELCHITE-EL PLANERON-LA LOMAZA 58678 Spain  
Egge 7732 Germany  
Emmertal 870 Germany  
Erdfälle um Liebenrode, Seelöcher und Ketterlöcher 82 Germany  
Forêt de Freyr (Libramont-Chevigny; Sainte-Ode; Saint-Hubert; Tenneville) 7711 Belgium  
Forêt de Mariemont (Manage; Morlanwelz) 379 Belgium  
Gipskarstgebiet bei Bad Sachsa 3694 Germany  
Grubenberg bei Gerstungen 136 Germany  
Grubengelände Littfeld 104 Germany  
Hainich 37155 Germany  
Haubachtal, Dietrichseiffen 472 Germany  
Haut-Pays des Honnelles (Honnelles; Quiévrain) 1435 Belgium  
Haute-Sambre en aval de Thuin (Fontaine-l'Evêque; Lobbes; Thuin) 1768 Belgium  
Haute-Wamme et Masblette (Nassogne; Saint-Hubert; Tellin; Tenneville) 18133 Belgium  
Hellerberg bei Freisen 101 Germany  
Kaolingrube Oedingen 44 Germany  
La Calestienne à Marche en Famenne (Marche-en-Famenne) 93 Belgium  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Luerwald und Bieberbach 6524 Germany  
MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL 79316 Spain  
Mittlerer Dün 1960 Germany  
Montagne Saint-Pierre (Bassenge; Oupeye; Visé) 597 Belgium  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
NSG Flachstal 445 Germany  
NSG Hotzenberg 225 Germany  
NSG Keulaer Wald 746 Germany  
Naturschutzgroßvorhaben Ill 2691 Germany  
Nordwestlicher Thüringer Wald 7855 Germany  
ORDESA Y MONTE PERDIDO 38568 Spain  
Ostertal 1127 Germany  
POSETS - MALADETA 82205 Spain  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Reesberg 72 Germany  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Rothaarkamm und Wiesentäler 8515 Germany  
Roßdorfer Steintriften 642 Germany  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS 74804 Spain  
SALVATIERRA - FOZES DE FAGO Y BINIÉS 6360 Spain  
SIERRA DE CANCIÁS - SILVES 19573 Spain  
SIERRA DE MONCAYO - LOS FAYOS - SIERRA DE ARMAS 44956 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SOTOS Y CARRIZALES DEL RÍO ARAGÓN 4774 Spain  
Saarkohlenwald 6039 Germany  
Schwalenberger Wald 6736 Germany  
Schweinaer Grund - Zechsteingürtel um Bad Liebenstein 5293 Germany  
Sources de la Lienne (Lierneux; Vielsalm) 492 Belgium  
Stein - Rachelsberg - Gobert 1769 Germany  
Steinbruch Imhausen 37 Germany  
Sûre frontalière (Fauvillers; Martelange) 377 Belgium  
Süntel, Wesergebirge, Deister 6170 Germany  
Thüringer Wald von Ruhla bis Großer Inselsberg 5787 Germany  
Thüringer Wald zwischen Kleinschmalkalden und Tambach-Dietharz 3482 Germany  
Thüringer Wald östlich Suhl mit Vessertal 9215 Germany  
VALLEE DU RHIN D'ARTZENHEIM A VILLAGE-NEUF 12093 France  
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
Vallée de l'Eau Blanche entre Aublain et Mariembourg (Chimay; Couvin) 3119 Belgium  
Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Comblain-au-Pont et Angleur (Chaudfontaine; Comblain-au-Pont; Esneux; Liè 1718 Belgium  
Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Hamoir et Comblain-au-Pont (Anthisnes; Comblain-au-Pont; Ferrières; Hamoi 1456 Belgium  
Vallée de la Burdinale (Burdinne; Héron; Wanze) 716 Belgium  
Vallée de la Chinelle (Florennes; Philippeville) 2267 Belgium  
Vallée de la Dyle de Wavre à Archennes (Grez-Doiceau) 207 Belgium  
Vallée de la Haine en amont de Mons (La Louvière; Le Roeulx; Mons) 1134 Belgium  
Vallée de la Lembrée et affluents (Aywaille; Durbuy; Ferrières; Stoumont) 1852 Belgium  
Vallée de la Lesse en aval de Houyet (Dinant; Houyet) 4102 Belgium  
Vallée de la Mehaigne (Braives; Burdinne; Villers-le-Bouillet; Wanze) 556 Belgium  
Vallée de la Meuse à Huy et vallon de la Solières (Amay; Huy; Wanze) 1214 Belgium  
Vallée de la Trouille (Estinnes; Frameries; Mons; Quévy) 3273 Belgium  
Vallée du Ruisseau d'Acoz (Châtelet) 48 Belgium  
Vallée du Ruisseau de Bolland (Blégny; Herve; Soumagne) 121 Belgium  
Vallée du Ruisseau de Fairoul (Florennes; Walcourt) 143 Belgium  
Vallées de l'Oise et de la Wartoise (Chimay; Momignies) 1873 Belgium  
Vallées des Ruisseaux de Rempeine et de la Scheloupe (Beauraing) 1369 Belgium  
Vallées du Hoyoux et du Triffoy (Clavier; Huy; Marchin; Modave; Ohey) 3234 Belgium  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Vogelschutzgebiet Luerwald und Bieberbach 6524 Germany  
Volkenrodaer Teiche 487 Germany  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Warndt 12595 Germany  
Werra bis Treffurt mit Zuflüssen 5585 Germany  
Westl. Berus 356 Germany  
Westliche Hainleite - Wöbelsburg 2891 Germany  
Wurmtal südlich Herzogenrath 1080 Germany  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Nematotaenia dispar <Unverified Name>[2]
Oxysomatium brevicaudatum <Unverified Name>[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Berkshire College of Agriculture
Oceanario de Lisboa
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung

Range Map

Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Comblain-au-Pont et Angleur (Chaudfontaine; Comblain-au-Pont; Esneux; Liège; Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Hamoir et Comblain-au-Pont (Anthisnes; Comblain-au-Pont; Ferrières; Hamoir;;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access