> Leiopelma hochstetteri
Leiopelma hochstetteri (Hochstetter's frog)
Hochstetter's frog (Leiopelma hochstetteri) is a primitive frog native to New Zealand, one of only four extant species belonging to the taxonomic family Leiopelmatidae. They possess some of the most ancient features of any extant frogs in the world.
This species is distributed between about 10 fragmented and isolated populations across a total range of over 10,000 km sq. Part of an ancient frog lineage that diverged on the former supercontinent of Gondwana over 200 million years ago, this species possesses a number of primitive traits, such as an absence of eardrums and vocal chords. Unlike the other three extant species of native New Zealand frogs, Hochstetters frog is semi-aquatic, living in and around streams in shaded forest areas. This species is primarily threatened by a virulent fungal disease (chytridiomycosis), as well as habitat destruction caused by the creation of pine plantations, road building, and feral goats and pigs.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 92.69
EDGE Score: 5.93
Institutions (Zoos, etc.)
Attributes / relations provided by ♦ 1
Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database
of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation
. Science, 342, 803–805