> Leiopelma pakeka
Leiopelma pakeka (Maud Island frog)
The Maud Island frog, Leiopelma pakeka, is a primitive frog native to New Zealand, one of only four extant species belonging to the taxonomic family Leiopelmatidae.Although Leiopelma pakeka differs in some aspects of morphology from Leiopelma hamiltoni, with which it was previously grouped, recent genetic studies suggest the differences are largely superficial.
Until a genetic analysis in 1998, this species was thought to be a subpopulation of Hamiltons frog. The Maud Island frog is part of the worlds most primitive frog lineage, which has been evolving independently for over 200 million years. It is active at night and ground-dwelling, breeding on land. The male guards the eggs in moist nests, and carries the froglets on his back for several weeks whilst they develop. It is primarily threatened by a virulent fungal disease (chytridiomycosis), and introduced predators, such as black rats. This frog was introduced to nearby Motuara Island as part of a conservation project to expand the range of this species in 1997.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 78.78
EDGE Score: 5.77
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation
. Science, 342, 803–805