> Melanobatrachus indicus
Melanobatrachus indicus (Black microhylid frog)
Melanobatrachus is a genus of narrow-mouthed frogs (Microhylidae family) that contains a single species, Melanobatrachus indicus. It is known under a number of common names, including Kerala Hills frog, black microhylid frog, and Malabar black narrow-mouthed frog. It is endemic to wet evergreen forests of southern Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu states of India.Melanobatrachus indicus is a rare species that was only rediscovered in 1997.
With no close relatives in its subfamily, this species is quite literally one-of-a-kind. Its closest relatives are the three species of the Hoplophryninae subfamily of the narrow-mouthed frogs, which are commonly referred to as the banana frogs and Amani forest frog of Tanzania, Africa. These were geographically isolated from the black microhylid frog by continental drift over the last 140 million years. Unusually, this species of narrow-mouthed frog does not favour communication by sound, and the male does not possess a vocal sac. Much work needs to be done to reveal the ecology of this species as it has seldom been studied since its rediscovery in 1997.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 38.93
EDGE Score: 5.77
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation
. Science, 342, 803–805