Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Pelobatidae > Pelobates > Pelobates fuscus
 

Pelobates fuscus (Common Eurasian spadefoot toad)

Synonyms: Bufo fuscus

Wikipedia Abstract

Pelobates fuscus is a species of toad in the family Pelobatidae, native to an area extending from Central Europe to Western Asia. It is commonly known as the common spadefoot, garlic toad, the common spadefoot toad and the European common spadefoot.The common spadefoot grows to a length of approximately 6.5 centimetres (2.6 in) for males and 8 centimetres (3.1 in) for females.
View Wikipedia Record: Pelobates fuscus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
23
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
48
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 46.36
EDGE Score: 3.86

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  29.4 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Gestation [2]  8 days
Litter Size [2]  1,740
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  11 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  3.1 inches (8 cm)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alpár-bokrosi tisza-ártéri öblözet 12550 Hungary  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Biedrusko 24558 Poland  
Bobolickie Jeziora Lobeliowe 11760 Poland  
Bukovské vrchy 106836 Slovakia  
Börzsöny és Visegrádi-hegység 122999 Hungary  
Cerová vrchovina a Rimavská kotlina 76986 Slovakia  
Chelmskie Torfowiska Weglanowe 10649 Poland  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Dabrowy Krotoszynskie 84622 Poland  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Diabelskie Pustacie 7987 Poland  
Dolina Dolnej Wisly 82926 Poland  
Dolina Lupawy 13612 Poland  
Dolina Radwi, Chocieli i Chotli 54021 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowej Pilicy 9359 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowej Warty 141108 Poland  
Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy 35457 Poland  
Dolna Odra 72985 Poland  
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Dunajské luhy 45462 Slovakia  
Dwingelderveld 9306 Netherlands  
Döberitzer Heide 9750 Germany  
Elbtal zwischen Mühlberg und Greudnitz 12121 Germany  
Elbtal zwischen Schöna und Mühlberg 10658 Germany  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Forst Zinna/Keilberg 17527 Germany  
Grumsiner Forst/Redernswalde 15088 Germany  
Haanja 41767 Estonia  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Hódmezõvásárhely környéki és csanádi-háti puszták 53251 Hungary  
IJssel 22472 Netherlands  
Ipoly völgye 16551 Hungary  
Izsáki Kolon-tó 8841 Hungary  
Jeziora Pszczewskie i Dolina Obry 37821 Poland  
Jezioro Bobiecinskie 8360 Poland  
Jezioro Goplo 33259 Poland  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Kemeru nacionalais parks 94308 Latvia  
Kesznyéten 15841 Hungary  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Kronhorst-Groß Fredenwalde 13107 Germany  
Kígyósi-puszta 21829 Hungary  
Königsbrücker Heide 17129 Germany  
Landgraben- und Dummeniederung 12185 Germany  
Legi Odrzanskie 44477 Poland  
Leipziger Auensystem 6981 Germany  
Lüneburger Heide 57541 Germany  
Niederung der Unteren Havel/Gülper See 18160 Germany  
Oberlausitzer Heide - und Teichlandschaft Nature Reserve IV 32467 Germany  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Knyszynska 336272 Poland  
Ostoja Nadwarcianska 65861 Poland  
Ostoja Nidzianska 68254 Poland  
Ostoja Suwalska 15690 Poland  
Ostoja Wigierska 39715 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
Ostoja w Dolinie Górnej Narwi 50179 Poland  
Otepää 56325 Estonia  
Pape 127946 Latvia      
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Plothener Teiche 7117 Germany  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Przelomowa Dolina Narwi 45974 Poland  
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Puszcza Niepolomicka 29065 Poland  
Puszcza Romincka 36459 Poland  
Revingefältet 7431 Sweden  
Rzeka Pasleka 20803 Poland  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Slanské vrchy 157675 Slovakia  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sárvíz völgye 19301 Hungary  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Truppenübungsplatz Oberlausitz 33599 Germany  
Trzebiatowsko-Kolobrzeski Pas Nadmorski 43166 Poland    
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
US-Truppenübungsplatz Grafenwöhr 47639 Germany  
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Ujscie Warty 82280 Poland  
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  
VSG 'Heubachniederung, Lavesumer Bruch und Borkenberge' 12553 Germany  
Veluwe 229936 Netherlands  
Vereinigte Mulde und Muldeauen 14592 Germany  
Vogelschutzgebiet 'Düsterdieker Niederung' 6640 Germany  
Vogelschutzgebiet 'Unterer Niederrhein' 63775 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waal 13588 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Werbellinkanal 8551 Germany  
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    
Zaleczanski Luk Warty 23023 Poland  
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Astiotrema monticelli <Unverified Name>[3]
Candidotrema loossi <Unverified Name>[3]
Diplodiscus subclavatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Echinochasmus beleocephalus <Unverified Name>[3]
Encyclometra colubrimurorum <Unverified Name>[3]
Halipegus kessleri <Unverified Name>[3]
Halipegus ovocaudatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Haplometra cylindracea <Unverified Name>[3]
Holostephanus volgensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Oswaldocruzia filiformis <Unverified Name>[3]
Paralepoderma cloacicola <Unverified Name>[3]
Polystoma fuscus <Unverified Name>[3]
Polystoma integerrimum[3]
Strigea strigis <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Copenhagen Zoo
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Nordens Ark
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Riga Zoo
Universeum Science Center
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagrebfuscus

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access