Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Cycloramphidae > Rhinoderma > Rhinoderma rufum

Rhinoderma rufum (Chile Darwin's frog)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Chile Darwin's frog (Rhinoderma rufum) is one of only two members of the family Rhinodermatidae. It is endemic to Chile. This species of frog exhibits a highly unusual form of parental care in that the tadpoles spend part of their life developing in the vocal sac of their father, where they are transferred to a pool of water in their father's vocal sac where they complete their development from the tadpole to the frog form.
View Wikipedia Record: Rhinoderma rufum

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Rhinoderma rufum

EDGE Analysis

The Chile Darwin’s frog is one of only two frogs in the world where the young undergo part of their development in the parent’s mouth. Eggs are laid on damp ground and, when the developing tadpoles start to wriggle in their egg capsules, the guarding male swallows them into his vocal sac. Here they stay until their jaws and digestive tracts are fully formed, where upon the male carried them to a stream. This species has not been seen since around 1980 and it could have been driven to extinction by a mystery disease, possibly the fungal disease chytridiomycosis (responsible for many amphibian declines globally), although this has not previously been reported from Chile.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 20.09
EDGE Score: 5.82
View EDGE Record: Rhinoderma rufum


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile Yes

Range Map



Species recognized by , 2009-09-01, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access