Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Treron > Treron phoenicopterus
 

Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)

Synonyms: Treron phoenicoptera

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-footed green pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera), also known as yellow-legged green pigeon, is a common species of green pigeon found in the Indian subcontinent. It is the state bird of Maharashtra. In Marathi it is called Hariyal. The species feeds on fruit, including many species of Ficus. They forage in flocks. In the early morning they are often seen sunning on the tops of emergent trees in dense forest areas. They especially are found sitting in couples on tree branches.
View Wikipedia Record: Treron phoenicopterus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.02232
EDGE Score: 2.08223

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  235 grams
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [2]  22 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Indravati Tiger Reserve   Chhattishgarh, India      
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 645271 Laos  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Attapu Plain Laos A1, A3
Chhep Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Dong Khanthung Laos A1, A3, A4i
Upper Srepok Catchment Cambodia A1, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Maharashtra

Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[4]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)2
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)2
Axis axis (chital)2
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)2
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)3
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)2
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush)2
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)2
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)2
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)2
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)2
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Majumdar, N. (1984) On a collection of birds from Bastar District, Madhya Pradesh. Zoological Survey of India (Calcutta) 54 p. 2Devi, O.S. & P.K. Saikia (2012). Notes on the nesting behaviour of Yellow footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera at Jeypore Reserve Forest, Assam, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(3): 2470–2475 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access