Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Musophagiformes > Musophagidae > Tauraco > Tauraco porphyreolophus
 

Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)

Synonyms: Musophaga porphyreolopha

Wikipedia Abstract

The purple-crested turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus) is a species of bird in the Musophagidae family. It is the National Bird of the Kingdom of Swaziland, and the crimson flight feathers of this and related turaco species are important in the ceremonial regalia of the Swazi royal family.
View Wikipedia Record: Tauraco porphyreolophus

Infraspecies

Tauraco porphyreolophus chlorochlamys (East African violet-crested turaco)
Tauraco porphyreolophus porphyreolophus (Violet-crested turaco)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
46
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
51
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 34.6058
EDGE Score: 3.57251

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  281 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bluff Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 114 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mariannwood Nature Reserve   South Africa      
Minziro Forest Reserve 76954 Tanzania  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
New Germany Nature Reserve 272 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
North Park Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 104 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Palmiet Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Pigeon Valley Nature Reserve 25 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa      
Roosfontein Nature Reserve 519 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Silverglen Nature Reserve 566 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Treasure Beach Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umbogavango Nature Reserve 89 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umgeni River Provincial Nature Reserve 2372 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umhlanga Lagoon Provincial Nature Reserve 95 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Virginia Bush Nature Reserve 94 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Emblem of

Swaziland

Prey / Diet

Ficus abutilifolia (Large-leaved Rock Fig)[3]
Ficus natalensis (Natal Fig)[3]
Ficus stuhlmannii (Lowveld Fig)[3]
Ficus sycomorus (sycamore fig)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)3
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)1
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)1
Chlorocebus aethiops (vervet monkey)1
Chlorocichla flaviventris (Yellow-bellied Greenbul)1
Civettictis civetta (African Civet)1
Colius striatus (Speckled Mousebird)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)1
Epomophorus wahlbergi (Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat)1
Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey)1
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Lemur catta (ring-tailed lemur)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)2
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)4
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)3
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Paraxerus cepapi (Smith's bush squirrel)1
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)2
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)2
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Stactolaema leucotis (White-eared Barbet)3
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)3
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
 chlorochlamys
Mitchell Park Zoo
Montgomery Zoochlorochlamys
Mulhouse Zoo
Museum de Besancon
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
San Diego Wild Animal Parkporphyreolophus
San Diego Zooporphyreolophus
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoochlorochlamys
Umgeni River Bird Park
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia

Distribution

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access