Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Megalaima > Megalaima rubricapillus

Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)

Synonyms: Megalaima rubricapilla

Wikipedia Abstract

The crimson-fronted barbet or Ceylon small barbet or small barbet (Psilopogon rubricapillus) is an Asian barbet endemic to Sri Lanka. The Malabar barbet endemic to the Western Ghats of India used to be treated as a subspecies of this species. Barbets and toucans are a group of near passerine birds with a worldwide tropical distribution. The barbets get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. The crimson-fronted barbet is an arboreal species of open woodland which eats fruit and insects. It nests in a tree hole, laying 2-4 eggs.
View Wikipedia Record: Megalaima rubricapillus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.81297
EDGE Score: 1.91883


Adult Weight [1]  38 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  40 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  50 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [3]  2


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Daranghati Sanctuary IV 8190 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka Yes

Prey / Diet

Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus tsjahela[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)2
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)3
Alcippe poioicephala (Brown-cheeked Fulvetta)1
Axis axis (chital)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Columba elphinstonii (Nilgiri Wood Pigeon)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)1
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)2
Corvus splendens (House Crow)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)2
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)1
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)3
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)2
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)2
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)1
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Pericrocotus flammeus (Scarlet Minivet)1
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)3
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)3
Psittacula eupatria (Alexandrine Parakeet)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)1
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)1
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)2
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2




Attributes / relations provided by
1Short, LL, and JFM Horne. 2001. Toucans, barbets, and honeyguides. Oxford University Press, Oxford
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access