Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Apodiformes > Trochilidae > Florisuga > Florisuga fusca
 

Florisuga fusca (Black Jacobin)

Synonyms: Melanotrochilus fuscus

Wikipedia Abstract

The black jacobin (Florisuga fusca), previously placed in the monotypic Melanotrochilus, is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae family. It is found in or near Atlantic Forest of eastern Brazil, Uruguay, eastern Paraguay, and far north-eastern Argentina. It is generally common, and therefore considered to be of least concern by BirdLife International and consequently the IUCN.
View Wikipedia Record: Florisuga fusca

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
20
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
38
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 15.5923
EDGE Score: 2.80894

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  8 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Nectarivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  90 %
Forages - Aerial [2]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  60 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  16 days
Migration [5]  Migratory

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve Ia 8848 Espirito Santo, Brazil  
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Serra dos Orgãos National Park II 26072 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaratuba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande Brazil A1, A2, A3
Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins Brazil A1, A2, A3
Fazenda Pindobas IV e Arredores Brazil A1, A2, A3
Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Maciços da Tijuca e Pedra Branca Brazil A1
Murici Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Brigadeiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Caraguatatuba e Picinguaba) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Santos e São Sebastião) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual de Ilhabela Brazil A1
Parque Nacional Caazapá Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional de Itatiaia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Região de Blumenau Brazil A1, A3
Santa Teresa Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra da Cantareira Brazil A1
Serra do Marumbi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra do Tinguá Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra dos Órgãos Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serras das Lontras e do Javi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Sooretama / Linhares Brazil A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No

Prey / Diet

Erythrina falcata (Seibo De Jujuy)[6]
Erythrina speciosa[7]
Erythrina verna (Mulungu)[6]
Mabea fistulifera[8]
Phormium tenax (New Zealand flax)[9]
Spathodea campanulata (rarningobchey)[10]
Stifftia chrysantha[10]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazilia lactea (Sapphire-spangled Emerald)3
Amazilia versicolor (Versicolored Emerald)2
Amazona vinacea (Vinaceous-breasted Amazon)1
Anthracothorax nigricollis (Black-throated Mango)2
Aratinga leucophthalma (White-eyed Parakeet)1
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)2
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)2
Cacicus haemorrhous (Red-rumped Cacique)1
Calliphlox amethystina (Amethyst Woodstar)1
Chlorostilbon aureoventris (Glittering-bellied Emerald)2
Clytolaema rubricauda (Brazilian Ruby)1
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)4
Colibri serrirostris (White-vented Violetear)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)3
Elaenia chiriquensis (Lesser Elaenia)1
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)1
Eupetomena macroura (Swallow-tailed Hummingbird)3
Hylocharis chrysura (Gilded Sapphire)4
Leucochloris albicollis (White-throated Hummingbird)2
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)1
Penelope obscura (Dusky-legged Guan)1
Phaethornis pretrei (Planalto Hermit)1
Pionus maximiliani (Scaly-headed Parrot)1
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)1
Ramphocelus bresilius (Brazilian Tanager)1
Ramphodon naevius (Saw-billed Hermit)1
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)1
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)1
Thalurania glaucopis (Violet-capped Woodnymph)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)3

Consumers

Pollinator of 
Inga sessilis[9]

Range Map

Serra dos Orgaos National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Oniki, Y. 1996. Band sizes of southeastern Brazilian hummingbirds. J. Field Ornithol. 67: 387-391
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
6Parrini, R. and Raposo, MA, 2008, Associação entre aves e flores de duas espécies de árvores do gênero Erythrina (Fabaceae) na mata Atlântica do sudeste do Brasil, Iheringia, série Zoologia, Vol. 98, n. 1, pp 123-128
7Mendonça, LB & Anjos, L. (2006). Feeding behavior of hummingbirds and perching birds on Erythrina speciosa Andrews (Fabaceae) flowers in an urban area, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil Revista Brasileira Zoologia, 23(1):42-49
8A Meeting of Opportunists: Birds and Other Visitors to Mabea fistulifera (Euphorbiaceae) Inflorescences, Fábio Olmos and Ricardo L. P. Boulhosa, Ararajuba 8 (2): 93-98 (2000)
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Mendonça, LB; Anjos, L. 2005. Beija-flores (Aves, Trochilidae) e seus recursos florais em uma área urbana do Sul do Brasil Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 22: 51-59
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access