Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Berenicornis > Berenicornis comatus

Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)

Synonyms: Aceros comatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-crowned hornbill (Berenicornis comatus), also known as the long-crested hornbill or white-crested hornbill (leading to easy confusion with the African white-crested hornbill), is a species of hornbill.
View Wikipedia Record: Berenicornis comatus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 20.345
EDGE Score: 3.75397


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [1]  30 %
Diet - Endothermic [1]  20 %
Diet - Fruit [1]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  10 %
Forages - Understory [1]  40 %
Forages - Ground [1]  40 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Budo-Sungai Padi National Park II 84766 Thailand  
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Hala Bala Wildlife Sanctuary IV 101344 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kubah National Park II 6735 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus acamptophylla[2]
Ficus binnendykii[2]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[2]
Ficus subcordata[2]
Ficus sundaica[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)1
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)1
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)3
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)4
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)2
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)3
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)1
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)3
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)3
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)5
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)2
Arctogalidia trivirgata (Small-toothed Palm Civet)1
Balionycteris maculata (spotted-winged fruit bat)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)5
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)1
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)1
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)2
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)4
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)4
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)4
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)4
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)3
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)4
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)1
Ducula aenea (Green Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)1
Geokichla interpres (Chestnut-capped Thrush)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)3
Helarctos malayanus (Sun bear)1
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)1
Hylobates agilis (agile gibbon)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)3
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)3
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)3
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)2
Lophura ignita (Crested Fireback)1
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)3
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)2
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)4
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)4
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)3
Megalaima incognita (Moustached Barbet)1
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)1
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)4
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)3
Nasalis larvatus (proboscis monkey)1
Philentoma velata (Maroon-breasted Philentoma)1
Platysmurus leucopterus (Black Magpie)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)4
Presbytis rubicunda (red leaf monkey)1
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)1
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)1
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)1
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)5
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)2
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)2
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)3
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)4
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)2
Sus barbatus (bearded pig)1
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)2
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)1
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)3
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)4
Treron fulvicollis (Cinnamon-headed Green Pigeon)1
Treron olax (Little Green Pigeon)1
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)3
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)1
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)2
Turdus obscurus (Eyebrowed Thrush)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Songkhla Zoo
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Zoo Melaka
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo


Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access