Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Bycanistes > Bycanistes fistulator
 

Bycanistes fistulator (Piping Hornbill)

Synonyms: Ceratogymna fistulator

Wikipedia Abstract

The piping hornbill (Bycanistes fistulator) is a bird in the hornbill family. This black-and-white species is found in humid forest and second growth in Central and West Africa, ranging from Senegal east to Uganda and south to Angola. At about 50 centimetres (20 in) in length, it is the smallest member of the genus Bycanistes.
View Wikipedia Record: Bycanistes fistulator

Infraspecies

Bycanistes fistulator duboisi (Piping hornbill)
Bycanistes fistulator fistulator (Piping hornbill)
Bycanistes fistulator sharpii (Eastern Piping Hornbill) (Attributes)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.67658
EDGE Score: 2.26971

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  90 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  10 %
Forages - Aerial [1]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  30 %
Forages - Understory [1]  10 %
Forages - Ground [1]  10 %
Clutch Size [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [3]  9 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Banco National Park 6492 Côte d'Ivoire  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kambui Hills Forest Reserve 34852 Sierra Leone  
Kenting National Park II 78882 Taiwan
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Peko National Park II 77790 Côte d'Ivoire  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Reserve de Moukalaba-Dougoua (Gamba Complex) Faunal Reserve IV 266550 Gabon  
Reserve des Monts Doudou (Gamba Complex) Wildlife Management Area 656901 Gabon  
Sapo National Park II 239074 Liberia  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Afi River Forest Reserve Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Akanda Gabon A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Akassa forests Nigeria A1, A3, A4i
Ankasa Resource Reserve: Nini-Sushien National Park Ghana A1, A2, A3
Azagny National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Bakossi mountains Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bamingui-Bangoran National Park complex Central African Republic A3
Bangui Central African Republic A3
Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bengangai Sudan A1, A3
Bia National Park and Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Biseni forests Nigeria A3
Boin River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Boin Tano Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bombo-Lumene Game Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Bossematie Forest Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Boumba: Bek Cameroon A3
Bozoum Central African Republic A3
Budongo Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Bura River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Camabatela Angola A1, A2, A3
Campo Ma'an complex Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Cape Mount Liberia A3, A4i
Cape Three Points Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Cestos: Senkwen Liberia A1, A2, A3
Comoe National Park Cte dIvoire A3
Conkouati National Park Congo A1, A3, A4ii
Cross River National Park: Oban Division Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Cross River National Park: Okwangwo Division Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Delta du Saloum Senegal A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Diécké Guinea A1, A2, A3
Digya National Park Ghana  
Dimonika Biosphere Reserve Congo A1, A3
Dja Faunal Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Donga river basin forests Nigeria A3
Dzanga-Ndoki National Park Central African Republic A1, A2, A3
Fazao-Malfakassa National Park Togo A1, A3
Gamba Protected Areas Complex Gabon A1, A2, A3, A4i
Gangan Foret Classe Guinea A1, A2, A3
Gashaka-Gumti National Park Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Gola Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Grebo Liberia A1, A2, A3
Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Jema-Asemkrom Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Kagoro: Nindam Forest Reserves Nigeria A3
Kahuzi-Biega National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Kakum National Park: Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Kambui Hills Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Korup National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Kyabobo (proposed) National Park Ghana  
Lagoas de Cufada Guinea-Bissau A1, A3
Lake Te'le' Community Reserve Congo  
Lamto Ecological Research Station Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Lobéké National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex Liberia A1, A2, A3
Lomako: Yekokora Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
Lopé Faunal Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Lower Kaduna: Middle Niger flood-plain Nigeria A1, A3, A4ii
Lower Kouilou basin Congo A1, A2, A3
Luki Forest Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A3
Maiko National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
Maiombe Angola A1, A2, A3
Mamiri Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Manovo: Gounda: St Floris National Park complex Central African Republic A3
Marahoue National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Massif du Ziama Guinea A1, A2, A3
Mbam Djerem National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mbam Minkom: Kala Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Minkébé Forest Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Mont Nlonako Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Monte Alen National Park Equatorial Guinea A1, A2, A3
Mopri Forest Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Kupe Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Rata and Rumpi Hills Forest Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Ngel-Nyaki Forest Reserve Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Ngiri Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3, A4i, A4ii
Ngotto Central African Republic A3
Nimba mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Nki Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex Congo A3
Nsork Highlands National Park Equatorial Guinea A1, A2, A3
Ntokou Pikounda Reserve Congo  
Odzala National Park complex Congo A3
Ogooué delta and Mandji island Gabon A1, A2, A3, A4i  
Okapi Faunal Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Okomu National Park Nigeria A1, A3
Omo Forest Reserve Nigeria A1, A3
Ouémé river basin Benin A3
Pandam Wildlife Park Nigeria A3
Parc National de Basse Casamance Senegal A1, A3
Peko Mountain National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Pra-Sushien Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Rio Cacheu Guinea-Bissau A1, A3
Salonga National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
Sangbe Mountain National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Santchou Faunal Reserve Cameroon A1, A3
Sapo National Park Liberia A1, A2, A3
Semliki National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Subri River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Sunvit Farm Nigeria A3
Tai National Park and Nzo Faunal Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tano-Nimiri Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Upper Orashi forests Nigeria A3
Wologizi mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Wonegizi mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Yabassi Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Yoyo River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Zwedru Liberia A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Annickia affinis[4]
Cleistopholis glauca[4]
Cleistopholis patens[4]
Coelocaryon preussii[4]
Discoglypremna caloneura[4]
Elaeis guineensis (African oil palm)[4]
Eribroma oblongum[4]
Greenwayodendron suaveolens[4]
Heisteria zimmereri[4]
Lannea welwitschii[4]
Leplaea cedrata (Light Bossé)[4]
Leplaea thompsonii (Black Guarea)[4]
Maesopsis eminii (umbrella-tree)[4]
Musanga cecropioides (Musanga cecropioides)[4]
Polyscias fulva[5]
Pouteria altissima[5]
Pycnanthus angolensis subsp. angolensis[4]
Rauwolfia macrophylla[4]
Staudtia kamerunensis[4]
Sterculia tragacantha (sterculia)[4]
Xylopia hypolampra[4]
Xylopia rubescens[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Afropavo congensis (Congo Peafowl)1
Bycanistes cylindricus (Brown-cheeked Hornbill)18
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)19
Ceratogymna elata (Yellow-casqued Wattled Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)2
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Colobus polykomos (king colobus)2
Crinifer piscator (Western Plantain-eater)1
Cyanomitra verticalis (Green-headed sunbird)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Falco ardosiaceus (Grey Kestrel)1
Francolinus lathami (Latham's Forest Francolin)1
Funisciurus anerythrus (Thomas's rope squirrel)2
Gymnobucco calvus (Naked-faced Barbet)1
Hypergerus atriceps (Oriole Warbler)1
Lophocebus albigena (gray-cheeked mangabey)4
Lybius bidentatus (Double-toothed Barbet)1
Mandrillus leucophaeus (drill)1
Mandrillus sphinx (mandrill)2
Onychognathus fulgidus (Chestnut-winged Starling)2
Onychognathus tenuirostris (Slender-billed Starling)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)2
Philantomba maxwellii (Maxwell's duiker)2
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Poeoptera sharpii (Sharpe's starling)1
Poeoptera stuhlmanni (Stuhlmann's Starling)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Poicephalus gulielmi (Red-fronted Parrot)1
Pseudalethe poliocephala (Brown-chested Alethe)1
Ptilostomus afer (Piapiac)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)1
Stelgidillas gracilirostris (Slender-billed Greenbul)1
Streptopelia hypopyrrha (Adamawa Turtle Dove)1
Streptopelia semitorquata (Red-eyed Dove)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Tauraco leucolophus (White-crested Turaco)1
Tauraco persa (Guinea Turaco)1
Tockus fasciatus semifasciatus (West African Pied Hornbill)1
Trachylaemus purpuratus (yellow-billed barbet)1
Tragelaphus eurycerus (bongo)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)3
Turdoides jardineii (Arrow-marked Babbler)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Houston Zoo, Inc.fistulator
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
 sharpii
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesnafistulator
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenfistulator

Range Map

Africa; Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Seed dispersal by Ceratogymna hornbills in the Dja Reserve, Cameroon, KENNETH D. WHITNEY, MARK K. FOGIEL, AARON M. LAMPERTI, KIMBERLY M. HOLBROOK, DONALD J. STAUFFER, BRITTA DENISE HARDESTY, V. THOMAS PARKER and THOMAS B. SMITH, Journal of Tropical Ecology (1998) 14:351–371
5Guild of Frugivores on three fruit-producing tree species Polyscias fulva, Syzyguim guineensis subsp. bamensdae and Pouteria altissima) in Ngel Nyaki Forest Reserve, a Montane Forest Ecosystem in Nigeria, Ihuma Jerome, Hazel Chapman, Tella Iyiola, Akosim Calistus, Stephen Goldson, Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment, Vol. 3, No. 2 (2011)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access