Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Bycanistes > Bycanistes bucinator
 

Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)

Synonyms: Ceratogymna bucinator

Wikipedia Abstract

The trumpeter hornbill (Bycanistes bucinator) is a medium-sized hornbill, with length between 58 and 65 cm (23 and 26 in), characterized by a large grey casque on the bill, smaller in females. The eyes are brown or red, with pink surrounding skin. Body mass is between 0.45 and 1 kg (0.99 and 2.20 lb). It is similar to silvery-cheeked hornbill.
View Wikipedia Record: Bycanistes bucinator

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
11
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
30
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.38862
EDGE Score: 2.34071

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.42 lbs (644 g)
Birth Weight [2]  30.9 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.25 lbs (567 g)
Male Weight [1]  1.59 lbs (721 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  27.2 %
Clutch Size [3]  3

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
East Usambara Biosphere Reserve 222395 Tanzania  
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Ndimba Forest Reserve 3102 Tanzania  
North Park Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 104 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Palmiet Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Pande Forest Reserve Game Reserve IV 3094 Tanzania  
Roosfontein Nature Reserve 519 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania      
Umhlanga Lagoon Provincial Nature Reserve 95 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Ficus craterostoma (Strangler fig)[4]
Ficus grewiifolia[4]
Ficus lutea (West African rubbertree)[4]
Ficus natalensis (Natal Fig)[4]
Ficus polita (Wild Rubber Fig)[4]
Ficus sansibarica (Knobbly fig)[4]
Ficus scassellatii[4]
Ficus stuhlmannii (Lowveld Fig)[4]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[4]
Ficus sycomorus (sycamore fig)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)2
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)3
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)2
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)6
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Cephalophus adersi (Aders's duiker)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)2
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)7
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)1
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)2
Chlorocebus aethiops (vervet monkey)1
Chlorocichla flaviventris (Yellow-bellied Greenbul)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Civettictis civetta (African Civet)1
Colius striatus (Speckled Mousebird)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)1
Columba arquatrix (African Olive Pigeon)1
Columba delegorguei (Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon)1
Columba larvata (Lemon Dove)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Coracina caesia (Grey Cuckooshrike)1
Corythaeola cristata (Great Blue Turaco)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)3
Epomophorus wahlbergi (Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat)1
Epomops franqueti (Franquet's epauletted bat)1
Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey)1
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)2
Eulemur macaco (black lemur)1
Eurillas curvirostris (Plain Greenbul)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)5
Gynaikothrips ficorum1
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Hypsignathus monstrosus (hammer-headed fruit bat)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)2
Lemur catta (ring-tailed lemur)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)4
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)5
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)5
Onychognathus morio (Red-winged Starling)1
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)2
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)1
Oriolus larvatus (Black-headed Oriole)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)6
Paraxerus lucifer (black and red bush squirrel)2
Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)3
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)1
Phylloscopus budongoensis (Uganda Woodland Warbler)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Piliocolobus badius (western red colobus)2
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Ploceus nigricollis (Black-necked Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)3
Pogoniulus pusillus (Red-fronted Tinkerbird)1
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Pteropus seychellensis (Seychelles flying fox)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)3
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)5
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)4
Rungwecebus kipunji (highland mangabey)1
Stactolaema leucotis (White-eared Barbet)3
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)2
Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's Turaco)1
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)3
Tauraco schalowi (Schalow's Turaco)4
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)2
Tragelaphus scriptus (bushbuck)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)8
Turdus olivaceus (Olive Thrush)1
Varecia variegata (ruffed lemur)1
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)2
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)3

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Binder Park Zoo
Birdland Park & Gardens
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Caldwell Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Park
Copenhagen Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Denver Zoological Gardens
DSI Givskud Zoo
Flamingo Land LTDbucinator
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Gladys Porter Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Lotherton Bird Garden
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Natural Encounters, Inc.
North Carolina Zoological Park
 bucinator
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Reid Park Zoo
Riga Zoo
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Safari West
 bucinator
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Santa Ana Zoo
Sea World Orlando
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wildlife World Zoo
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoo Boise
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Distribution

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Kemp, A. 1995. The Hornbills. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access