Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Bycanistes > Bycanistes cylindricus
 

Bycanistes cylindricus (Brown-cheeked Hornbill)

Synonyms: Ceratogymna cylindricus

Wikipedia Abstract

The brown-cheeked hornbill (Bycanistes cylindricus) is a species of hornbill in the Bucorvidae family. It is found in Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, plantations, and heavily degraded former forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Bycanistes cylindricus

Infraspecies

Bycanistes cylindricus albotibialis (White-thighed Hornbill) (Attributes)
Bycanistes cylindricus cylindricus (Brown-cheeked hornbill)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
53
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.69707
EDGE Score: 3.65812

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.03 lbs (921 g)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  90 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Aerial [2]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  70 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  10 %
Clutch Size [1]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Kenting National Park II 78882 Taiwan
Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve No or Non - Hunting Forest Reserve II 66602 Sierra Leone  
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Peko National Park II 77790 Côte d'Ivoire  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Reserve de Moukalaba-Dougoua (Gamba Complex) Faunal Reserve IV 266550 Gabon  
Sapo National Park II 239074 Liberia  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Ankasa Resource Reserve: Nini-Sushien National Park Ghana A1, A2, A3
Azagny National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Bia National Park and Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bosomtwe Range Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bossematie Forest Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Budongo Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Cestos: Senkwen Liberia A1, A2, A3
Comoe National Park Cte dIvoire A3
Draw River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Gola Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Grebo Liberia A1, A2, A3
Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Kakum National Park: Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Kibale National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex Liberia A1, A2, A3
Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Marahoue National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Massif du Ziama Guinea A1, A2, A3
Mopri Forest Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Nimba mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Nsuensa Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Peko Mountain National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Pra-Sushien Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George Uganda A1, A3, A4i
Sangbe Mountain National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Sapo National Park Liberia A1, A2, A3
Semliki National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Subri River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tai National Park and Nzo Faunal Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tano-Nimiri Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Wologizi mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Wonegizi mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Zwedru Liberia A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo Yes

Prey / Diet

Annickia affinis[3]
Blighia welwitschii[4]
Canarium schweinfurthii (Schweinfurth's olive)[4]
Celtis mildbraedii (Natal White Stinkwood)[4]
Cleistopholis glauca[3]
Cleistopholis patens[3]
Coelocaryon preussii[4]
Discoglypremna caloneura[4]
Eribroma oblongum[4]
Eriocoelum macrocarpum[4]
Greenwayodendron suaveolens[3]
Heisteria zimmereri[4]
Laccosperma secundiflorum[4]
Lannea welwitschii[4]
Leplaea cedrata (Light Bossé)[4]
Leplaea thompsonii (Black Guarea)[4]
Maesopsis eminii (umbrella-tree)[4]
Margaritaria discoidea (Pheasant-berry)[4]
Musanga cecropioides (Musanga cecropioides)[4]
Pachylobus edulis (eben tree)[4]
Pycnanthus angolensis subsp. angolensis[4]
Raphia monbuttorum[4]
Rauwolfia macrophylla[4]
Staudtia kamerunensis[4]
Strombosia pustulata[4]
Strombosia scheffleri[4]
Terminalia superba[4]
Trichilia monadelpha[4]
Xylopia hypolampra[4]
Xylopia le-testui[4]
Xylopia rubescens[4]
Xylopia staudtii[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Afropavo congensis (Congo Peafowl)2
Amblyospiza albifrons (Thick-billed Weaver)1
Bycanistes fistulator (Piping Hornbill)18
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)30
Colobus polykomos (king colobus)2
Lophocebus albigena (gray-cheeked mangabey)5
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Mandrillus leucophaeus (drill)1
Mandrillus sphinx (mandrill)2
Onychognathus fulgidus (Chestnut-winged Starling)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)3
Philantomba maxwellii (Maxwell's duiker)2
Tragelaphus eurycerus (bongo)1
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)1

Providers

Shelter 
Petersianthus macrocarpus[3]
Terminalia superba (superb terminalia)[3]

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Breeding and nest site characteristics of the Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata and White-thighed Hornbill Ceratogymna cylindricus in south-central Cameroon, Donald J Stauffer and Thomas B Smith, Ostrich 2004, 75(3): 79–88
4Seed dispersal by Ceratogymna hornbills in the Dja Reserve, Cameroon, KENNETH D. WHITNEY, MARK K. FOGIEL, AARON M. LAMPERTI, KIMBERLY M. HOLBROOK, DONALD J. STAUFFER, BRITTA DENISE HARDESTY, V. THOMAS PARKER and THOMAS B. SMITH, Journal of Tropical Ecology (1998) 14:351–371
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access