Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Bycanistes > Bycanistes subcylindricus
 

Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill; Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill)

Synonyms: Ceratogymna subcylindricus

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-and-white-casqued hornbill (Bycanistes subcylindricus) also known as the grey-cheeked hornbill, is a large—approximately 70 cm (28 in) long—black and white hornbill. It has an oversized blackish bill with a large casque on top.
View Wikipedia Record: Bycanistes subcylindricus

Infraspecies

Bycanistes subcylindricus subcylindricus (Black-and-white casqued hornbill)
Bycanistes subcylindricus subquadratus (Black-and-white casqued hornbill)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.81992
EDGE Score: 2.17701

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.76 lbs (1.25 kg)
Male Weight [4]  2.89 lbs (1.31 kg)
Clutch Size [3]  2
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Maximum Longevity [1]  31 years 9 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Minziro Forest Reserve 76954 Tanzania  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Peko National Park II 77790 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mount Elgon National Park II 276135 Uganda
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Ankasa Resource Reserve: Nini-Sushien National Park Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bakossi mountains Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bamingui-Bangoran National Park complex Central African Republic A3
Bangui Central African Republic A3
Bengangai Sudan A1, A3
Bia National Park and Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Boin Tano Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bossematie Forest Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Boumba: Bek Cameroon A3
Bozoum Central African Republic A3
Budongo Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Bugoma Central Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Bururi Forest Nature Reserve Burundi A1, A2, A3
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Campo Ma'an complex Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Cherangani Hills Kenya A3
Comoe National Park Cte dIvoire A3
Cross River National Park: Oban Division Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Cuango Angola A3
Cyamudongo forest Rwanda A1, A2, A3
Dja Faunal Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Dzanga-Ndoki National Park Central African Republic A1, A2, A3
Garamba National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A3
Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Itombwe Mountains Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Kagoro: Nindam Forest Reserves Nigeria A3
Kakamega forest Kenya A1, A2, A3
Kakum National Park: Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Kibale National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Kibira National Park Burundi A1, A2, A3
Korup National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Lagoas de Cufada Guinea-Bissau A1, A3
Lake Te'le' Community Reserve Congo  
Lendu Plateau Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Lobéké National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Lopé Faunal Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Luachimo River (Chitato) Angola A1, A3
Mabira Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Manovo: Gounda: St Floris National Park complex Central African Republic A3
Marahoue National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Mau forest complex Kenya A3
Mbam Djerem National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Minkébé Forest Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Minziro Forest Reserve Tanzania A1, A3
Monte Alen National Park Equatorial Guinea A1, A2, A3
Mount Elgon Kenya A1, A2, A3
Mount Elgon National Park Uganda A2, A3
Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Murchison Falls National Park Uganda A1, A3, A4i
North Nandi forest Kenya A1, A2, A3
Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex Congo A3
Nsork Highlands National Park Equatorial Guinea A1, A2, A3
Nsuensa Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Ntokou Pikounda Reserve Congo  
Nyungwe National Park Rwanda A1, A2, A3
Odzala National Park complex Congo A3
Ogooué Leketi National Park Congo  
Okomu National Park Nigeria A1, A3
Omo Forest Reserve Nigeria A1, A3
Ouémé river basin Benin A3
Peko Mountain National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Pra-Sushien Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George Uganda A1, A3, A4i
Rubondo Island National Park Tanzania A3, A4i
Rwenzori Mountains National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Sangbe Mountain National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Sango Bay area Uganda A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Semliki National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Semliki reserves Uganda A1
South Nandi forest Kenya A1, A3
Tingi Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Zwedru Liberia A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Antiaris toxicaria[5]
Blighia unijugata (Triangle Tops)[5]
Bridelia micrantha (Coastal Golden-leaf)[5]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[5]
Manilkara butugi[5]
Mimusops bagshawei[6]
Morus mesozygia (black mulberry)[5]
Trilepisium madagascariense (Bastard Fig)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Arizelocichla masukuensis (Shelley's Greenbul)4
Arizelocichla milanjensis (Stripe-cheeked Greenbul)1
Baeopogon indicator (Honeyguide Greenbul)1
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)3
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)7
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)7
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Cheirogaleus medius (fat-tailed dwarf lemur)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)5
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)7
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)1
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)1
Eurillas curvirostris (Plain Greenbul)3
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)5
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Gymnobucco bonapartei (Grey-throated Barbet)2
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)5
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Lybius bidentatus (Double-toothed Barbet)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)1
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Musophaga rossae (Ross's Turaco)2
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)2
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)2
Parus funereus (Dusky Tit)1
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)1
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)2
Phyllastrephus hypochloris (Toro Olive Greenbul)1
Phylloscopus budongoensis (Uganda Woodland Warbler)3
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)3
Platysteira castanea (Chestnut wattle-eye)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)4
Ploceus nigerrimus (Vieillot's Black Weaver)1
Ploceus nigricollis (Black-necked Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)3
Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)6
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Stelgidillas gracilirostris (Slender-billed Greenbul)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)6
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)1
Tauraco schuettii (Black-billed Turaco)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)1
Trachylaemus purpuratus (yellow-billed barbet)2
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)2
Turdoides sharpei (Black-lored Babbler)1
Turdus pelios (African Thrush)1
Turtur tympanistria (Tambourine Dove)2
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)5

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bronx Children's Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicauxsubcylindricus
 subquadratus
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Wingham Wildlife Park
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoological Society of London

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Fry, CH, S. Keith, and EK Urban. 1988. The birds of Africa. Volume III. Academic Press, New York, New York, USA 5Specialization and interaction strength in a tropical plant-frugivore network differ among forest strata, Matthias Schleuning, Nico Blüthgen, Martina Flörchinger, Julius Braun, H. Martin Schaefer, and Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecology, in press. 6Frugivory and the Fate of Dispersed and Non-Dispersed Seeds of Six African Tree Species, Colin A. Chapman and Lauren J. Chapman, Journal of Tropical Ecology Vol. 12, No. 4 (Jul., 1996), pp. 491-504
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access