Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Otidiformes > Otididae > Houbaropsis > Houbaropsis bengalensis

Houbaropsis bengalensis (Bengal Florican)

Synonyms: Eupodotis bengalensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis), also called Bengal bustard, is a bustard species native to the Indian subcontinent, Cambodia and Vietnam. It is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List because fewer than 1,500 individuals were estimated to be alive as of 2013.It is the only member of the genus Houbaropsis.
View Wikipedia Record: Houbaropsis bengalensis


Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Houbaropsis bengalensis

EDGE Analysis

This otherwise reclusive bird is best known for its elaborate courtship display where the male’s black and white plumage is shown off to good effect in short arching display flights to attract females. Two thirds of the global population breed in the floodplain of the Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia; they migrate up to 100km annually to escape the floodwaters in the non-breeding season. Thousands of kilometres away in Nepal and India, there exists another population of the same species which occupies the duars and terai grasslands along the base of the Himalayas. Both populations are in decline and threatened by habitat loss and illegal hunting.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 24.2739
EDGE Score: 6.00236
View EDGE Record: Houbaropsis bengalensis


Adult Weight [1]  3.80 lbs (1.73 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  72 grams
Female Weight [1]  4.35 lbs (1.98 kg)
Male Weight [1]  3.25 lbs (1.48 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  33.9 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  80 %
Clutch Size [4]  1
Incubation [1]  26 days
Migration [5]  Intracontinental


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Ang Tropeang Thmor Cambodia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bardia National Park Nepal A1, A4i
Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Boeung Prek Lapouv Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Chitwan National Park Nepal A1, A3, A4i
D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i
Deobali Jalah India A1, A4i
Dibang Reserve Forest and adjacent areas India A1, A2
Dibru: Saikhowa Complex India A1, A2
Dudhwa National Park India A1, A3, A4i
Gorumara National Park India A1, A2
Ha Tien Vietnam A1, A3
Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and Girijapur Barrage India A1
Kaziranga National Park India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage Nepal A1, A4i, A4iii
Lagga: Bagga Reserve Forest India A1
Laokhowa and Burhachapori Sanctuaries India A1, A2
Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Majuli India A1, A2, A4iii
Manas National Park India A1, A2
Nameri National Park India A1, A2
Northern Santuk Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Orang National Park India A1, A4ii
Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4iii
Preah Net Preah / Kra Lanh / Pourk Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Ripu and Chirang Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Sonai-Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Stung / Chi Kreng / Kampong Svay Cambodia A1, A3
Stung / Prasat Balang Cambodia A1, A3
Stung Sen / Santuk / Baray Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Subansiri India A1, A2, A3
Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve Nepal A1, A4i
The Chapories of Lohit Reserve India A1, A2, A4i
Tram Chim Vietnam A1, A3, A4i
Veal Srongae Cambodia A1, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access