Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Bugeranus > Bugeranus carunculatus
 

Bugeranus carunculatus (wattled crane)

Synonyms: Burgeranus carunculatus; Grus carunculatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The wattled crane (Bugeranus carunculatus) is a large bird found in Africa, south of the Sahara Desert. It is monotypical for its genus, though some authorities place it with other crane species in the genus Grus, as Grus carunculata.
View Wikipedia Record: Bugeranus carunculatus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
51
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.90443
EDGE Score: 3.57284

Attributes

Birth Weight [1]  240 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  60 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  34 days
Wing Span [3]  8.0 feet (2.45 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Abijatta: Shalla Lakes National Park Ethiopia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Akaki: Aba-Samuel wetlands Ethiopia A1, A4i, A4iii
Bahir Dar: Lake Tana Ethiopia A1, A3, A4iii
Bale Mountains National Park Ethiopia A1, A3, A4i
Bangweulu swamps Zambia A1, A3, A4i
Barotse flood-plain Zambia A1, A4i
Berga floodplain Ethiopia A1, A3, A4i
Boyo wetland Ethiopia A1, A4iii
Chrissie Pans South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Cuelei Angola A1, A3
Dilu Meda (Tefki) Ethiopia A1
Driefontein grasslands Zimbabwe A1
Eastern Caprivi wetlands Namibia A1, A3, A4i
Finchaa and Chomen swamps Ethiopia A1, A3
Fogera plains Ethiopia A1
Franklin vlei South Africa A1, A4i
Grassland Biosphere Reserve (proposed) South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Hlatikulu Nature Reserve South Africa A1
Kafue flats Zambia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kafue National Park Zambia A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Kalungwishi Zambia A1, A3
Karkloof Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A2, A3
Kasanka National Park Zambia A1, A3
Kasungu National Park Malawi A1, A3
Koffe swamp Ethiopia A1
Kundelungu National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
KwaZulu-Natal mistbelt grasslands South Africa A1, A4i
Linyanti swamp/Chobe river Botswana A1, A3, A4i
Liuwa Plain National Park Zambia A1, A3, A4i
Luando Strict Nature Reserve Angola A1, A3
Lufira valley Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Lukanga swamp Zambia A1, A4iii
Lusenga Plain NP Zambia  
Machile Zambia A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Mahango Game Reserve and Kavango river Namibia A1, A3, A4i
Makgadikgadi Pans Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Minyanya Plain Zambia  
Mombolo (Missão da Namba) Angola A1, A2, A3
Moyowosi: Kigosi Game Reserves Tanzania A1, A4i
Mupa National Park Angola A1, A3
Natal Drakensberg Park South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Nyanga mountains Zimbabwe A1, A2, A3
Nyika National Park Zambia A1, A2, A3
Okavango Delta Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Simungoma Zambia  
Stapleford Forest Zimbabwe A1, A2, A3
Steenkampsberg South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Sumbu National Park and Tondwa GMA Zambia  
Tsumkwe pan system Namibia A1, A3, A4i
Ugalla River Game Reserve Tanzania A1, A4i
Umgeni Vlei Nature Reserve South Africa A1
Umvoti vlei South Africa A1
Upemba National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Usangu flats Tanzania A1, A3, A4i
Wabai Hill (Debshan Ranch) Zimbabwe A1, A4ii
West Lunga National Park and Lukwakwa Zambia A1, A2, A3
Zambezi River Delta Mozambique A1, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Eleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)[3]
Zea mays (corn)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Albuquerque Biological Park
Blackbrook Zoological Park
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Gladys Porter Zoo
International Crane Foundation
Jackson Zoological Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Louisville Zoological Garden
Miami Metrozoo
Mitchell Park Zoo
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
NEW Zoo
North Carolina Zoological Park
North of England Zoological Society
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
St. Catherine's Wildlife Center
Taipei Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Park
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
White Oak Conservation Center
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access