Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Hymenoptera > Apoidea > Apidae > Bombus > Bombus hortorum

Bombus hortorum (Small Garden Humble-bee; Garden bumblebee)

Wikipedia Abstract

The garden bumblebee or small garden bumblebee, Bombus hortorum, is a species of bumblebee found in most of Europe north to 70ºN, as well as parts of Asia and New Zealand. It is distinguished from other bumblebees by its long tongue used for feeding on pollen in deep-flowered plants. They have a remarkable visual memory capacity, which aids them in navigating the territory close to their habitat and seeking out food sources.
View Wikipedia Record: Bombus hortorum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Beskid Zywiecki 87169 Poland  
Dolinki Jurajskie 2191 Poland  
Ostoja Nidzianska 68254 Poland  
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  


Prey / Diet

Angelica sylvestris (woodland angelica)[1]
Centaurea jacea (Brown Knapweed)[1]
Cirsium palustre (Marsh Thistle)[1]
Cytisus scoparius (Broomtops)[1]
Epilobium montanum (Broad-leaved Willowherb)[1]
Galeopsis tetrahit (brittle-stem hemp-nettle)[1]
Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)[1]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[1]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alces alces (moose)1
Apatura iris (Purple Emperor Butterfly)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)4
Bombus bohemicus (Gipsy Cuckoo-bee)1
Bombus campestris (Field Cuckoo-bee)2
Bombus distinguendus (Great Yellow Humble-bee)1
Bombus jonellus (Heath Humble-bee)1
Bombus lapidarius (Stone Humble-bee)4
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)5
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)5
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)3
Bombus soroeensis (Ilfracombe Humble-bee)2
Bombus sylvarum (Shrill Carder-bee)2
Bombus sylvestris (Four-coloured Cuckoo-bee)1
Bombus terrestris (Large Earth Humble-bee)3
Bombus vestalis (Vestal Cuckoo-bee)2
Bruchidius cisti1
Bruchidius villosus (broom seed beetle)1
Cassida rubiginosa (Thistle Tortoise Beetle)2
Chrysolina marginata1
Colletes daviesanus (Davies' Colletes)1
Dama dama (fallow deer)1
Haplothrips distinguendus1
Isocolus scabiosae1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)1
Lygus rugulipennis1
Mantura chrysanthemi1
Melitta leporina1
Muscardinus avellanarius (hazel dormouse)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)1
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Orthocephalus brevis1
Orthocephalus coriaceus2
Papilio machaon (Old World swallowtail)2
Phanacis centaureae1
Piezodorus lituratus (Gorse Shield Bug)2
Pseudococcus hypergaeus1
Psylliodes chalcomerus1
Thrips angusticeps1
Thrips tabaci (Onion thrip)1
Thrips vulgatissimus1
Tingis cardui1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)2


Merops apiaster (European Bee-eater)[2]
Neoitamus walkeri[3]


Parasitized by 
Physocephala rufipes[1]
Sicus ferrugineus[1]
Pollinator of 
Angelica sylvestris (woodland angelica)[1]
Arnica montana (leopard's bane)[4]
Centaurea jacea (Brown Knapweed)[1]
Cirsium oleraceum (Cabbage thistle)[4]
Cirsium palustre (Marsh Thistle)[1]
Cytisus scoparius (Broomtops)[1]
Epilobium montanum (Broad-leaved Willowherb)[1]
Galeopsis tetrahit (brittle-stem hemp-nettle)[1]
Geranium robertianum (Robert geranium)[4]
Lathyrus pratensis (Meadow Pea)[4]
Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)[1]
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot deervetch)[4]
Prunella vulgaris (common selfheal)[4]
Ranunculus repens (creeping buttercup)[4]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[1]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[1]
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)[4]
Vicia sativa (narrowleaf vetch)[4]


Australia; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Ecology of Commanster
2Krebs, J. R., & Avery, M. I. (1985). Central place foraging in the European bee-eater, Merops apiaster. The Journal of Animal Ecology, 459-472.
3Predator-Prey Database for the family Asilidae (Hexapoda: Diptera) Prepared by Dr. Robert Lavigne, Professor Emeritus, University of Wyoming, USA and Dr. Jason Londt (Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg)
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access