Gauley River National Recreation Area

Location:West Virginia, United States
IUCN Category:V
Area:10,157 acres (4,110 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Website:View website
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfa (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: hot summer)

Ecoregions

Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share 60 %20 %20 %
Soil TypeDystric CambisolsDystric CambisolsLithosolsOrthic Acrisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm10 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellImperfectlyModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m15 mm150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %10 %26 %10 %
Sand41 %41 %43 %49 %
Silt39 %39 %34 %27 %
Clay20 %20 %23 %24 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.45 %1.45 %1.4 %1 %
PH5.15.17.64.6
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity30 cmol kg⁻¹30 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation37 %37 %100 %44 %
Total Exchangeable Bases4.1 cmol kg⁻¹4.1 cmol kg⁻¹15.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %3.9 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %4 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel20 %20 % 10 %
Sand45 %45 % 40 %
Silt35 %35 % 24 %
Clay20 %20 % 36 %
USDA TextureLoamLoam Clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.42 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³ 1.32 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³ 1.4 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.5 %0.5 % 0.42 %
PH5.25.2 4.8
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity36 cmol kg⁻¹36 cmol kg⁻¹ 14 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity9 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹ 6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation33 %33 % 32 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹ 2.3 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 % 0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 % 0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 % 2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1 0.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263