Great Basin National Park

Location:Nevada, United States
IUCN Category:II
Area:77,367 acres (31,309 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Website:View website
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:BSk (Climate: arid; Precipitation: steppe; Temperature: cold arid)

Ecoregions

Great Basin montane forests
Great Basin shrub steppe

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share60 %20 %20 %40 %20 %20 %10 %10 %
Soil TypeLuvic YermosolsCalcic YermosolsKastanozemsLuvic YermosolsCalcic YermosolsLithosolsHaplic YermosolsOrthic Solonetz
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm10 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellModerately wellImperfectlyModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity50 m150 m150 m100 m150 m15 mm150 m150 m
Phase 1Duripan  Stony    
Topsoil Properties
Gravel20 %20 %8 %20 %20 %26 %20 %6 %
Sand50 %39 %34 %50 %39 %43 %41 %47 %
Silt29 %37 %43 %29 %37 %34 %39 %28 %
Clay21 %24 %23 %21 %24 %23 %20 %25 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.42 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.5 g/cm³1.46 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.46 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.4 %0.37 %1.3 %0.4 %0.37 %1.4 %0.41 %0.66 %
PH7.38.17.57.38.17.68.38.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity47 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹47 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹47 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity7 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹7 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases14 cmol kg⁻¹24 cmol kg⁻¹18.4 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹24 cmol kg⁻¹15.6 cmol kg⁻¹18.1 cmol kg⁻¹21.1 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.5 %26 %5 %0.5 %26 %3.9 %1.5 %5.8 %
Calcium Sulphate0.1 %0.1 %0 %0.1 %0.1 %0 %0.1 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium6 %8 %3 %6 %8 %4 %6 %13 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-12.4 dS m-11.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-12.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-11 dS m-10.6 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel27 %41 %5 %27 %41 % 27 %8 %
Sand44 %30 %33 %44 %30 % 38 %40 %
Silt28 %42 %43 %28 %42 % 40 %27 %
Clay28 %28 %24 %28 %28 % 22 %33 %
USDA TextureClay loamClay loamLoamClay loamClay loam LoamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³ 1.39 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.47 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.22 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³ 1.49 g/cm³1.58 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.28 %0.29 %0.53 %0.28 %0.29 % 0.22 %0.29 %
PH7.38.17.97.38.1 8.38.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity58 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹86 cmol kg⁻¹58 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹ 42 cmol kg⁻¹57 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity11 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹ 9 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %100 %100 %100 % 100 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases14.6 cmol kg⁻¹21.8 cmol kg⁻¹21.1 cmol kg⁻¹14.6 cmol kg⁻¹21.8 cmol kg⁻¹ 26.8 cmol kg⁻¹35.7 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate3.8 %35 %11.9 %3.8 %35 % 4.5 %7.4 %
Calcium Sulphate0.7 %0.7 %0 %0.7 %0.7 % 0.7 %0.1 %
Exchangeable Sodium4 %8 %3 %4 %8 % 5 %39 %
Electrical Conductivity9.7 dS m-12.6 dS m-12.5 dS m-19.7 dS m-12.6 dS m-1 3.8 dS m-12.7 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263