Parque Nacional Henri Pittier

Location:Venezuela
Area:218,030 acres (88,234 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Aw (Climate: equatorial; Precipitation: winter dry)

Ecoregions

Cordillera La Costa montane forests
La Costa xeric shrublands

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share70 %30 %50 %25 %25 %
Soil TypeDystric CambisolsHaplic LuvisolsLithic LeptosolsEutric CambisolsHumic Cambisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm10 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellImperfectlyModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m150 m15 mm150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel0 %1 %32 %10 %0 %
Sand39 %42 %43 %30 %45 %
Silt36 %37 %29 %43 %33 %
Clay25 %21 %28 %27 %22 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamClay loamClay loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.34 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.34 %2.75 %0.39 %3.05 %2.6 %
PH4.25.37.57.83.7
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹51 cmol kg⁻¹31 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity9 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation27 %76 %100 %100 %25 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.4 cmol kg⁻¹10.6 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹19 cmol kg⁻¹2.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %3.1 %2 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0.1 %0.1 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %1 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-10.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel0 %1 % 6 %0 %
Sand34 %38 % 42 %39 %
Silt32 %28 % 35 %34 %
Clay34 %34 % 23 %27 %
USDA TextureClay loamClay loam LoamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.31 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³ 1.39 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.34 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³ 1.34 g/cm³1.28 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.71 %0.71 % 1.28 %1.95 %
PH4.94.7 7.53.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹ 55 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity8 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹ 17 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation37 %45 % 99 %24 %
Total Exchangeable Bases3 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹ 16.8 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 % 1.4 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 % 0.1 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 % 2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10 dS m-1 0.2 dS m-10 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263