Parque Nacional Sierra de San Luis

IUCN Category:II
Area:50,473 acres (20,426 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:BSh (Climate: arid; Precipitation: steppe; Temperature: hot arid)


Lara-Falcón dry forests


Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
Soil TypeVertic Cambisols
Topsoil TextureFine
Reference Depth100 cm
DrainageModerately well
Available Water Capacity150 m
Misc. PropertyVertic (cracks of more than 1 cm wide)
Topsoil Properties
Gravel0 %
Sand17 %
Silt29 %
Clay54 %
USDA TextureClay
Reference Bulk Density1.21 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.32 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.23 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity60 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity33 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation96 %
Total Exchangeable Bases31.7 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0.2 %
Calcium Sulphate0.1 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.2 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel0 %
Sand15 %
Silt24 %
Clay61 %
USDA TextureClay (heavy)
Reference Bulk Density1.19 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.26 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.41 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity48 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity31 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation60 %
Total Exchangeable Bases18.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263